Hans-Dieter Söling

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Endophilin I is a presynaptic protein of unknown function that binds to dynamin, a GTPase that is implicated in endocytosis and recycling of synaptic vesicles. Here we show that endophilin I is essential for the formation of synaptic-like microvesicles (SLMVs) from the plasma membrane. Endophilin I exhibits lysophosphatidic acid acyl transferase (LPAAT)(More)
A cholera toxin mutant (CTX-K63) unable to raise cAMP levels was used to study in Vero cells the retrograde transport of the toxin A subunit (CTX-A-K63), which possesses a COOH-terminal KDEL retrieval signal. Microinjected GTP-gamma-S inhibits the internalization as well as Golgi-ER transport of CTX-A-K63. The appearance of CTX-A-K63 in the Golgi induces a(More)
The carboxyl-terminal Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL), or a closely-related sequence, is important for ER localization of both lumenal as well as type II membrane proteins. This sequence functions as a retrieval signal at post-ER compartment(s), but the exact compartment(s) where the retrieval occurs remains unresolved. With an affinity-purified antibody against the(More)
We have analyzed in Paramecium cells the occurrence and intracellular distribution of the high capacity/low affinity calcium-binding proteins, calsequestrin (CS) and calreticulin (CR) using antibodies against CS from rat skeletal muscle and against CR from rat liver, respectively. As revealed by Western blots, a CS-like protein isolated by affinity(More)
The A2 chain of cholera toxin (CTX) contains a COOH-terminal Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL) sequence. We have, therefore, analyzed by immunofluorescence and by subcellular fractionation in Vero cells whether CTX can used to demonstrate a retrograde transport of KDEL proteins from the Golgi to the ER. Immunofluorescence studies reveal that after a pulse treatment(More)
The microtubule array in neuronal cells undergoes extensive growth, dynamics and rearrangements during neurite outgrowth. While little is known about how these changes are regulated, microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) including tau protein are likely to perform an important role. Tau is one of the MAPs in mammalian brain. When isolated it is usually a(More)
The subcellular localization and corresponding quaternary state of fluorescent labelled cholera toxin were determined at different time points after exposure to living cells by a novel form of fluorescence confocal microscopy. The compartmentalization and locus of separation of the pentameric B subunits (CTB) from the A subunit (CTA) of the toxin were(More)
Cryosection immunofluorescence and immunogold labeling with antibodies against specific markers were used in rat vas deferens smooth muscle fibers to reveal the molecular arrangement of the endomembrane system (referred to variously in the text as ER or sarcoplasmic reticulum [SR]; S-ER or ER/SR) known to participate in the control of Ca2+ homeostasis. The(More)
It has been shown recently by several groups that 5'-GTP can release calcium from intracellular compartments independently from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) by a mechanism which seems to be different from that used by Ins(1,4,5)P3. We report here for the first time that the 5'-GTP-sensitive and the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive calcium pools reside(More)