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The mammalian protein disulphide-isomerase (PDI) family encompasses several highly divergent proteins that are involved in the processing and maturation of secretory proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. These proteins are characterized by the presence of one or more domains of roughly 95-110 amino acids related to the cytoplasmic protein thioredoxin. All(More)
Endophilin I is a presynaptic protein of unknown function that binds to dynamin, a GTPase that is implicated in endocytosis and recycling of synaptic vesicles. Here we show that endophilin I is essential for the formation of synaptic-like microvesicles (SLMVs) from the plasma membrane. Endophilin I exhibits lysophosphatidic acid acyl transferase (LPAAT)(More)
The carboxyl-terminal Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL), or a closely-related sequence, is important for ER localization of both lumenal as well as type II membrane proteins. This sequence functions as a retrieval signal at post-ER compartment(s), but the exact compartment(s) where the retrieval occurs remains unresolved. With an affinity-purified antibody against the(More)
How the occupied KDEL receptor ERD2 is sorted into COPI vesicles for Golgi-to-ER transport is largely unknown. Here, interactions between proteins of the COPI transport machinery occurring during a "wave" of transport of a KDEL ligand were studied in living cells. FRET between CFP and YFP fusion proteins was measured by multifocal multiphoton microscopy and(More)
We have analyzed in Paramecium cells the occurrence and intracellular distribution of the high capacity/low affinity calcium-binding proteins, calsequestrin (CS) and calreticulin (CR) using antibodies against CS from rat skeletal muscle and against CR from rat liver, respectively. As revealed by Western blots, a CS-like protein isolated by affinity(More)
The subcellular localization and corresponding quaternary state of fluorescent labelled cholera toxin were determined at different time points after exposure to living cells by a novel form of fluorescence confocal microscopy. The compartmentalization and locus of separation of the pentameric B subunits (CTB) from the A subunit (CTA) of the toxin were(More)
The A2 chain of cholera toxin (CTX) contains a COOH-terminal Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL) sequence. We have, therefore, analyzed by immunofluorescence and by subcellular fractionation in Vero cells whether CTX can used to demonstrate a retrograde transport of KDEL proteins from the Golgi to the ER. Immunofluorescence studies reveal that after a pulse treatment(More)
It has been claimed that the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive calcium pool in liver and pancreatic acinar cells is located in specified organelles ("calciosomes") which are characterized by their content of the calcium-binding protein calsequestrin (Volpe, P., Krause, K. H., Hashimoto, S., Zorzato, F., Pozzan, T., Meldolesi, J., and Lew, D. P. (1988)(More)
Calreticulin was identified by immunochemical and sequence analyses to be the higher molecular mass (60 kDa) component of the polypeptide doublet previously observed in a rat liver Golgi endomannosidase preparation obtained by chromatography on a Glc alpha 1 --> 3Man-containing matrix. The affinity for this saccharide ligand, which paralleled that of(More)
The calcium current (ICa) through the L-type channel in cardiac ventricular cells is enhanced by phosphorylation of a channel protein [Kameyama, M., Hofmann, F. & Trautwein, W. (1985) Pflügers Arch. Eur. J. Physiol. 405, 285-293]. We investigated the possible contribution of the 'catalytic subunits' of protein phosphatase 1 and 2A in the down-regulation of(More)