Hans-Dieter Flad

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Intracellular persistence of mycobacteria may result from an intricate balance between bacterial replication and signaling events leading to antimicrobial macrophage activities. Using human monocyte-derived macrophages, we investigated the relevance of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation for the growth control of Mycobacterium avium isolates(More)
In this study, we have examined the major platelet-derived CXC chemokines connective tissue-activating peptide III (CTAP-III), its truncation product neutrophil-activating peptide 2 (CXC chemokine ligand 7 (CXCL7)), as well as the structurally related platelet factor 4 (CXCL4) for their impact on neutrophil adhesion to and transmigration through(More)
The identification of chemokines in blood platelets has strengthened our view of these cells as participants in immune host defense. Platelet chemokines representing prestored and rapidly releasable proteins may play a major role as first-line inflammatory mediators. This is evident from their capability to recruit early inflammatory cells such as(More)
Cytotoxicity against two human bladder carcinoma cell lines (BT-A and BT-B) was investigated using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated with viable bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) or sonicated BCG (s-BCG). We applied a cytotoxicity assay based on radioactive labelling of tumour cells by incorporation ofl[3H]methionine. The results were(More)
Platelet factor 4 (PF-4), a platelet-derived CXC chemokine, has been shown to induce the differentiation of monocytes into a subset of macrophages that lack the expression of HLA-DR Ag. This suggests a potential role for PF-4 in the modulation of monocyte-dependent T cell activation. Using an Ag-specific stimulation model in which T cells were cocultured(More)
Previously we have described the induction of MHC-unrestricted killer cells against bladder tumour cells by bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), termed BCG-activated killer (BAK) cells. In the present paper we deal with the accessory-cell requirement for the activation of BAK cells. We show that monocytes are required for activating BAK cells, since no(More)
CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells, which circulate in peripheral blood with very low frequency, exert essential accessory function during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human T lymphocyte activation, resulting in interferon gamma production and proliferation. In contrast, stimulation of T cells by "conventional" recall antigens is not controlled by blood(More)
 In a previous study using the monoclonal anti-CD26 antibody MIB-DS2/7 in leprosy and other granulomatous diseases, it was shown that CD26 may be a candidate for use as an operational marker of a human Th1-like reaction. In this follow-up study, we compared seven different monoclonal anti-CD26 antibodies with respect to their staining pattern in lepromatous(More)
During early inflammation, the chemoattractants neutrophil-activating peptide-2 (NAP-2), platelet-activating factor (PAF), and complement component C5a are rapidly generated within the vasculature and potently induce effector functions in neutrophils, such as chemotaxis and degranulation. We investigated whether these mediators would cross-desensitize each(More)