Hans D. Osthoff

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In the troposphere, nitryl chloride (ClNO₂), produced from uptake of dinitrogen pentoxide (N₂O₅) on chloride containing aerosol, can be an important nocturnal reservoir of NO(x) (= NO + NO₂) and a source of atomic Cl, particularly in polluted coastal environments. Here, we present measurements of ClNO₂ mixing ratios by chemical ionization mass spectrometry(More)
Peroxycarboxylic nitric anhydrides (PANs) have long been recognized as important trace gas constituents of the troposphere. Here, we describe a blue diode laser thermal dissociation cavity ring-down spectrometer for rapid and absolute measurements of total peroxyacyl nitrate (SigmaPAN) abundances at ambient concentration levels. The PANs are thermally(More)
A novel measurement technique, thermal dissociation cavity ring-down spectroscopy (TD-CRDS), for rapid (1 s time resolution) and sensitive (precision approximately 100 parts per trillion by volume (10(-12); pptv)) quantification of total peroxy nitrate (SigmaPN) and total alkyl nitrate (SigmaAN) abundances in laboratory-generated gas mixtures is described.(More)
Molecular chlorine (Cl2) is an important yet poorly understood trace constituent of the lower atmosphere. Although a number of mechanisms have been proposed for the conversion of particle-bound chloride (Cl-) to gas-phase Cl2, the detailed processes involved remain uncertain. Here, we show that reaction of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) with aerosol-phase(More)
[1] The nocturnal nitrogen oxides, NO3 and N2O5, are important to the chemical transformation and transport of NOx, O3 and VOC. Their concentrations, sources and sinks are known to be vertically stratified in the nighttime atmosphere. In this paper, we report vertical profiles for NO3 and N2O5 measured from an aircraft (the NOAA P-3) as part of the New(More)
Photolabile nighttime radical reservoirs, such as nitrous acid (HONO) and nitryl chloride (ClNO(2)), contribute to the oxidizing potential of the atmosphere, particularly in early morning. We present the first vertically resolved measurements of ClNO(2), together with vertically resolved measurements of HONO. These measurements were acquired during the(More)
Nitryl chloride (ClNO(2)) is an important nocturnal nitrogen oxide reservoir species in the troposphere. Here, we report a novel method, thermal dissociation cavity ring-down spectroscopy (TD-CRDS), to quantify ClNO(2) mixing ratios with tens of parts-per-trillion by volume (pptv) sensitivity. The mixing ratios of ClNO(2) are determined by blue diode laser(More)
The mechanistic details of the Ce(IV)-driven oxidation of water mediated by a series of structurally related catalysts formulated as [Ru(tpy)(L)(OH(2))](2+) [L = 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), 1; 4,4'-dimethoxy-2,2'-bipyridine (bpy-OMe), 2; 4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-bipyridine (bpy-CO(2)H), 3; tpy = 2,2';6'',2''-terpyridine] is reported. Cyclic voltammetry shows that(More)
The photolysis of nitrate anion (NO(3)(-)) contained in surface ice and snow can be a regionally significant source of gas-phase nitrogen oxides and affect the composition of the planetary boundary layer. In this study, the photochemical release of nitrogen oxides from frozen solutions containing NO(3)(-) in the presence of organic compounds was(More)
A compact rack-mounted cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS) for simultaneous measurements of the nocturnal nitrogen oxides NO(3) and N(2)O(5) in ambient air is described. The instrument uses a red diode laser to quantify mixing ratios of NO(3) (at its absorption maximum at 662 nm) and of N(2)O(5) following its thermal dissociation to NO(3) in a second(More)