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Expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) structural proteins requires the presence of the viral trans-activator protein Rev. Rev is localized in the nucleus and binds specifically to the Rev response element (RRE) sequence in viral RNA. Furthermore, the interaction of the Rev activation domain with a cellular cofactor is essential for Rev(More)
Hypoxia induces apoptosis in primary and transformed cells and in various tumor cell lines in vitro. In contrast, there is little apoptosis and predominant necrosis despite extensive hypoxia in human glioblastomas in vivo. We here characterize ultrastructural and biochemical features of cell death in LN-229, LN-18 and U87MG malignant glioma cells in a(More)
Cultured Ehrlich ascites cells were exposed to different oxygen tensions (ranging from nearly complete anoxia to 95% O2 at 10(5) Pa) and to transient (5-10 h) hypoxia (0.02% O2 at 10(5) Pa). Treated cells were examined with respect to the intracellular concentration of the M2-specific tyrosyl free radical of ribonucleotide reductase by EPR spectroscopy, and(More)
The O2-dependent regulation of replication in Ehrlich ascites cells, characterized by a reversible shutdown of replicon initiation during hypoxia, was scrutinized with respect to the involvement of gene expression. Synchronous and asynchronous cells were subjected to transient hypoxia and examined for expression of selected 'late' growth-regulated mRNA and(More)
The apoB RNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like (APOBEC) family of proteins includes APOBEC1, APOBEC3, and activation-induced deaminase, all of which are zinc-dependent cytidine deaminases active on polynucleotides and involved in RNA editing or DNA mutation. In contrast, the biochemical and physiological functions of APOBEC2, a muscle-specific(More)
Thrombin is a key protease involved in blood coagulation, complement activation, inflammation, angiogenesis, and tumor invasion. Although induced in many (patho-)physiological conditions, the underlying mechanisms controlling prothrombin expression remained enigmatic. We have now discovered that prothrombin expression is regulated by a posttranscriptional(More)
The sensitivity to antineoplastic agents of subpopulations of haematopoietic cells during cancer chemotherapy is an open question. The performance of natural killer (NK) cells, possibly assisting the elimination of tumour cells under drug treatment might be of particular interest. We examined the expression of the transmembrane multidrug transporter(More)
The induced expression of multiple drug resistance (MDR)-associated genes as a direct response of tumor cells to antineoplastic drugs could be an important factor influencing the success of cancer chemotherapy. We investigated the effects of such compounds on mdr1/P-glycoprotein (P-gp) gene expression and drug sensitivities in the T-lymphoblastoid human(More)
Ehrlich ascites cells were cultured under different O2 partial pressures from less than 0.1 ppm to 2 x 10(5) ppm. During the artificial hypoxia and following reoxygenation the DNA synthesis rate was measured and the relative frequency of replicon initiations was examined by analyzing the length distributions of replicative daughter strand DNA. These studies(More)
Allele-specific differences in the regulation of HLA class I genes by type I interferon (IFN) were observed after transfection of eight HLA-B, -A, or -C genes into mouse L cells. HLA-B7 and -Bw64 gene expression was significantly more inducible by type I IFN than the genes coding for HLA-B27, HLA-B51, HLA-B38, HLA-B39, HLA-Cw3, and HLA-A2 antigens.(More)