Learn More
Expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) structural proteins requires the presence of the viral trans-activator protein Rev. Rev is localized in the nucleus and binds specifically to the Rev response element (RRE) sequence in viral RNA. Furthermore, the interaction of the Rev activation domain with a cellular cofactor is essential for Rev(More)
A human T lymphoblastoid CCRF-CEM cell line exhibiting cross resistance to a variety of drugs was selected with increasing doses of actinomycin D. A subline, designated CCRF ACTD400+, was permanently cultured in the presence of 400 ng/ml Actinomycin D for several months. Using a fragment of the human mdr1 cDNA we found high expression of a 5 kb mRNA species(More)
The sensitivity to antineoplastic agents of subpopulations of haematopoietic cells during cancer chemotherapy is an open question. The performance of natural killer (NK) cells, possibly assisting the elimination of tumour cells under drug treatment might be of particular interest. We examined the expression of the transmembrane multidrug transporter(More)
Hypoxia induces apoptosis in primary and transformed cells and in various tumor cell lines in vitro. In contrast, there is little apoptosis and predominant necrosis despite extensive hypoxia in human glioblastomas in vivo. We here characterize ultrastructural and biochemical features of cell death in LN-229, LN-18 and U87MG malignant glioma cells in a(More)
The intracellular concentration of the M2 specific free tyrosyl radical of ribonucleotide reductase in cultured Ehrlich ascites cells was estimated by EPR spectroscopy during imposition and after reversal of hypoxia. Under the same conditions, the intracellular intensity of CDP reduction was estimated indirectly by measuring the incorporation of(More)
Thrombin is a key protease involved in blood coagulation, complement activation, inflammation, angiogenesis, and tumor invasion. Although induced in many (patho-)physiological conditions, the underlying mechanisms controlling prothrombin expression remained enigmatic. We have now discovered that prothrombin expression is regulated by a posttranscriptional(More)
Replication in cellular replicons of mouse Ehrlich ascites, human CCRF-CEM and hamster BHK-21 cells was analyzed, after exposition of the cells to staurosporine, by measuring the overall DNA synthesis rate, by alkaline sedimentation analysis of length distributions of growing daughter strand DNA and by DNA fibre autoradiography. The results consistently(More)
Allele-specific differences in the regulation of HLA class I genes by type I interferon (IFN) were observed after transfection of eight HLA-B,-A, or-C genes into mouse L cells. HLA-B7 and -Bw64 gene expression was significantly more inductible by type I IFN than the genes coding for HLA-B27, HLA-B51, HLA-B38, HLA-B39, HLA-Cw3, and HLA-A2 antigens.(More)
Ehrlich ascites cells were cultured under different O2 partial pressures from less than 0.1 ppm to 2 x 10(5) ppm. During the artificial hypoxia and following reoxygenation the DNA synthesis rate was measured and the relative frequency of replicon initiations was examined by analyzing the length distributions of replicative daughter strand DNA. These studies(More)