Hans - Christian Pape

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The cation conductance activated upon hyperpolarization of the membrane beyond the resting value appears to represent an ubiquitous type of membrane channel. Our understanding of the respective membrane current, termed Ih, in neurons has matured from that of a "queer" current toward that of a highly regulated mechanism that is particularly important in(More)
1. The physiological and functional features of time-dependent anomalous rectification activated by hyperpolarization and the current which underlies it, Ih, were examined in guinea-pig and cat thalamocortical relay neurones using in vitro intracellular recording techniques in thalamic slices. 2. Hyperpolarization of the membrane from rest with a(More)
1. Modulation of the hyperpolarization-activated cation current, Ih, by noradrenaline (NA) and serotonin (5-HT) was examined in guinea-pig and cat medial and lateral geniculate relay neurones using the in vitro slice technique. 2. In the absence of pharmacological antagonists, local application of NA resulted in a slow depolarization and decrease in(More)
Neurons in many regions of the mammalian nervous system generate action potentials in two distinct modes: rhythmic oscillations in which spikes cluster together in a cyclical manner, and single spike firing in which action potentials occur relatively independently of one another. Which mode of action potential generation a neuron displays often varies with(More)
The properties of voltage-dependent calcium currents were compared in thalamic neurons acutely dissociated from a rat model of absence epilepsy, designated as Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rat from Strasbourg (GAERS), and from a Nonepileptic Control strain (NEC). Two populations of neurons were isolated: thalamocortical relay neurons of the nucleus ventrobasalis(More)
We investigated the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of morphologically identified and putative interneurons within laminae A and A1 of the cat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus maintained in vitro. These intralaminar interneurons possess unique electrophysiological characteristics, including (1) action potentials of a short duration(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) has potent and long-lasting ionic effects on cortical and thalamic neurons. In cortical pyramidal cells, activation of beta-adrenergic receptors results in an enhanced excitability and responsiveness to depolarizing inputs. This enhanced excitability is expressed as a reduction in spike frequency adaptation and is mediated by a marked(More)
1. The mechanisms of action of adenosine were examined in relay neurones of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGND) using in vitro intracellular recording techniques in guinea-pig thalamic slices. 2. Adenosine hyperpolarized LGND relay neurones due to an increase in membrane potassium conductance. The K+ currents generated by near maximal stimulation(More)
The dynamics of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) following activation of low voltage-activated (LVA) and high voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ currents were studied in identified relay neurons and interneurons of the rat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) in situ using Ca2+ imaging and patch-clamp techniques. In relay neurons, [Ca2+]i(More)
The transmission of visual information from retina to cortex through the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) is controlled by non-retinal inputs. Enhanced visually evoked responses in cat LGNd relay cells during periods of increased alertness have been attributed in large part to increased rate of acetylcholine (ACh) release by fibres ascending from(More)