Hans-Christian Koennecke

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BACKGROUND A small proportion of strokes are caused by cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Treatment to prevent intracranial haemorrhage itself carries risks, and untreated AVM may in many cases have a good prognosis. We investigated the risk of subsequent symptomatic bleeding in the clinical course of AVM in patients with and without an initial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Similar to digital subtraction angiography, dynamic spin labeling angiography (DSLA) provides time-resolved measurements of the influx of blood into the cerebral vascular tree. We determined whether DSLA may help in assessing the degree of stenosis and whether it provides information about intracerebral collateralization and allows us(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the potential role of cerebral microbleeds (CMB) in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), as indicators of cerebral small-vessel disease, and their possible implications for antithrombotic treatment. METHODS The author reviewed literature published through July 2005 from electronic MEDLINE, PubMed, and hand searches. CMB prevalence analyses(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent that demographics, clinical characteristics, comorbidities, and complications contribute to the risk of in-hospital mortality and morbidity in acute stroke. METHODS Data of consecutive patients admitted to 14 stroke units cooperating within the Berlin Stroke Register were analyzed. The association of demographics,(More)
To monitor changes of brain tissue metabolism in acute demyelinating encephalitis (ADEM), we examined a patient with suspected ADEM by serial MRI including diffusion- and perfusion-weighted imaging (DWI, PWI). Within the inflammatory tissue, the apparent diffusion coefficients were reduced, normal, and increased. Perfusion varied between reduced and normal(More)
High-intensity transient signals on transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) are associated with atherosclerotic stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Few data exist regarding the detection of high-intensity transient signals in dissected carotid arteries. In the present study, 6 patients with spontaneous carotid dissection, defined by magnetic resonance(More)
Fever is associated with poor outcome in acute stroke. Forty-two consecutive, normothermic patients with acute ischemic stroke were, within 24 hours from symptom onset, randomized to either receive 4 g acetaminophen daily (n = 20) or matched placebo (n = 22). Fever of greater than 37.5 degrees C occurred in 36.4% of patients in the placebo group, compared(More)
SUMMARY We investigated the type and early clinical course of seizure disorders in cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Decisions on invasive treatment for AVMs depend on detailed knowledge of the natural course and prognosis of neurologic sequelae. Among 328 patients of a prospective cerebral AVM databank 92 (28%) presented with seizures unrelated(More)
BACKGROUND Family and twin studies suggest predisposing genetic factors in stroke. Lacunar infarcts represent a homogeneous phenotype, which is a prerequisite for genetic analyses. Applying an affected sib -pair analysis, we prospectively assessed the prevalence of microangiopathic brain lesions (MBL) and associated risk factors among siblings of patients(More)
Polycythemia rubra vera (PRV) is a rare myeloproliferative disorder with a high risk of ischemic stroke. Although thrombosis of large cerebral arteries is the most frequently presumed pathomechanism, various infarct patterns have been described in patients with PRV and ischemic stroke. We report two patients with mild acute ischemic strokes and known PRV,(More)