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Musician's dystonia (MD) is a task-specific movement disorder characterized by a loss of voluntary motor control in highly trained movements like piano playing. Its underlying pathophysiology is defined by deficient functioning of neural pathways at different levels of the central nervous system. However, a few studies have examined the brain responses(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported on endoscopic ultrasound-guided, fine needle aspiration biopsy using 22- to 25-gauge needles. We evaluated the histologic and cytologic yield of endoscopic ultrasound-guided, fine needle aspiration biopsy of the pancreas using an 18-gauge, Menghini-type core needle. METHODS Fine needle aspiration biopsy was(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is accompanied by progressive accumulations of extracellular matrix proteins. They are produced predominantly by cardiac fibroblasts that surround the cardiac myocytes. The aim of this study was to emphasize the role of a combined approach using both in vivo and in vitro studies to elucidate the effects of carvedilol on(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy involves growth of cardiomyocytes, as well as remodeling of extracellular matrix proteins (ECMPs). Several metabolic abnormalities may be triggered secondary to hyperglycemia in diabetes. The effects of combined supravalvular aortic banding and diabetes mellitus on the rat heart were investigated in order to detect(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Published data regarding the effects of common cardiovascular diseases, i.e. aortic stenosis on renal regulation of major vasoconstrictive (renin, endothelins) and vasodilatory systems (NO) are controversial. Therefore we aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic aortic stenosis on the renal renin-angiotensin, endothelin and NO systems. (More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS We have designed and evaluated a prototype automated spring-loaded biopsy needle for endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided tissue sampling of indurated lesions in which sampling using conventional aspiration needles has failed. PATIENTS AND METHODS EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy using the new device was performed in four(More)
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