Hans C. van Leeuwen

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We have shown previously that both octamer binding transcription factors, namely the ubiquitous Oct-1 and the B cell-specific Oct-2A protein, can be enhanced in transcriptional activity by their association with the B cell-specific coactivator protein Bob1, also called OBF-1 or OCA-B. Here we study the structural requirements for ternary complex formation(More)
Rapid identification of hypervirulent Clostridium difficile strains is essential for preventing their spread. Recent completion of several full-length C. difficile genomes provided an excellent opportunity to identify potentially unique genes that characterize hypervirulent strains. Based on sequence comparisons between C. difficile strains we describe two(More)
The POU domain is a conserved DNA binding region of approximately 160 amino acids present in a family of eukaryotic transcription factors that play regulatory roles in development. The POU domain consists of two subdomains, the POU-specific (POUS) domain and a POU-type homeodomain (POUHD). We show here that, like the POUHD, the Oct-1 POUS domain can bind(More)
VP22, a structural protein of herpes simplex virus, exhibits unusual trafficking properties which we proposed might be exploited in gene and protein delivery applications. To pursue the use of the protein itself for cargo delivery into cells, we developed an expression system for the C-terminal half of VP22, residues 159-301 (VP22.C1), and purified the(More)
Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic bacillus that resides in the gut and has rapidly emerged as a leading cause of antibiotic associated diarrheal disease in humans. The genetic basis of the pathogenicity of C. difficile remains poorly understood. In this study we aimed at characterizing the genetic diversity of C. difficile strains by three different(More)
Clostridium difficile is the main cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea. In the past decade, the number of C. difficile patients has increased dramatically, coinciding with the emergence of two PCR ribotypes 027 and 078. PCR ribotype 078 is also frequently found during C. difficile outbreaks in pigfarms. Previously, the genome of the PCR ribotype 078(More)
Glycosyl transferases transfer glycosyl groups onto their substrate. Localization partially defines their function. Glycosyl transferase 25 domain 1 (GLT25D1) was recently shown to have galactosyltransferase activity towards collagens and another well known substrate, mannose binding lectin (MBL). To gain more insight in the role of galactosylation of(More)
Quasispecies shifts are essential for the development of persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Naturally occurring sequence variations in the 5' non-translated region (NTR) of the virus could lead to changes in protein expression levels, reflecting selective forces on the virus. The extreme 5' end of the virus' genome, containing signals essential(More)
Viral infections are counteracted by virus-specific cytotoxic T cells that recognize the infected cell via MHC class I (MHC I) molecules presenting virus-derived peptides. The loading of the peptides onto MHC I molecules occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and is facilitated by the peptide loading complex. A key player in this complex is the(More)
The Clostridium difficile cd2830 gene product is a secreted metalloprotease, named Pro-Pro endopeptidase (PPEP-1). PPEP-1 cleaves C. difficile cell surface proteins (e.g. CD2831). Here, we confirmed that PPEP-1 has a unique preference for prolines surrounding the scissile bond. Moreover, we show that it exhibits a high preference for an asparagine at the P2(More)