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We propose an algorithm that transforms a digitized color image so as to simulate for normal observers the appearance of the image for people who have dichromatic forms of color blindness. The dichromat's color confusions are deduced from colorimetry, and the residual hues in the transformed image are derived from the reports of unilateral dichromats(More)
In two experiments we have determined the discriminability between two sinusoidal gratings as a function of orientation and spatial frequency differences. Twelve orientation (15 degrees steps) and four spatial frequencies (2, 4, 8, 12 c/deg) were considered and corresponding discrimination thresholds were determined. Results indicated that: (a) spatial(More)
In order to properly calibrate an electronic camera for a variety of illuminants it is necessary to estimate the spectral sensitivity of the camera. This spectral characterisation is obtained by measuring a set of samples of known spectral reeectances and by inverting the resulting system of linear equations. In the presence of noise, this system inversion(More)
In this paper we consider the complementary properties of image amplitude and phase components and their role in normal and amblyopic vision. Specific two-dimensional filtered images are included to demonstrate the possible perceptual distortions due to both amplitude and phase disturbances. Finally, the relationships between amplitude and phase filters are(More)