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We present molecular and protein profiling of all acetylcholine receptors (ACh-R) in human scalp skin using PCR, in situ hybridization and double-labeling immunofluorescence. Within the epidermis, the nicotinic (n)ACh-R subunits, alpha3, alpha5, beta2, and beta4 were expressed in the basal cell layer (BCL) and in a single cell layer in the stratum(More)
Granuloma annulare, a prototype noninfectious granulomatous dermatitis, is morphologically characterized by a necrobiotic core surrounded by a cellular infiltrate. Because of many morphological similarities to tuberculosis, granuloma annulare has been suggested to represent a delayed-type hypersensitivity (Th1) reaction in the course of which inflammatory(More)
Calcyclin is the product of a gene that is regulated in dependence of the cell cycle in fibroblasts in vitro. It has recently been proven to be a sialic acid-binding protein in vitro and in the case of mammalian tissues to bind specifically to annexin II, annexin VI, annexin XI, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner.(More)
Proliferative compartments of a tumour can be determined cytophotometrically, by in situ hybridisation or by immunohistochemical detection of Ki67 antigen. The main objective of this study was to analyse the proliferative activity during the progression of pigmented skin lesions with respect to differential diagnostic and prognostic applications. The(More)
Verrucous-keratotic forms of malignant melanoma occur more commonly in women and favor the extremities, but may occur on any anatomic site. Seventy-one percent of such melanomas are situated on the upper and lower extremities. Although two-thirds of these neoplasms can be assigned a histologic pattern according to the classification of Clark, one-third of(More)
Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is an uncommon cutaneous disease with disorder of keratinisation. Up to now, systemic retinoids like acitretin or isotretinoin seem to be the most effective therapeutic agents. However, no large trials on this rare disease have been published and no standardised treatment has been established so far. Recently, single case(More)
Lichen planus is assumed to represent a delayed hypersensitivity reaction, in the course of which cytokines control the proliferation and differentiation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes which attack the epidermis and cause apoptosis of undifferentiated keratinocytes. Since interferon-gamma and interleukin 6 are known to be markedly generated in lichen planus, we(More)
Hairless female Ng/-mice were irradiated by UV-light for 16 h daily over a period of 24 weeks. Monooxygenase activities were measured in liver and skin, and an induction of the aryl-hydrocarbon hydroxylase was detected in liver by both fluorometric and radiochemical methods, whereas no induction of this enzyme could be demonstrated in the skin.
The histological similarities of seborrhoeic keratoses and common warts led to the investigation of the possible occurrence of human papillomavirus DNA (HPV-DNA) in a large number of nongenital seborrhoeic keratoses using the in situ hybridization technique. All specimens derived from normal skin (n = 173) were negative for the applied HPV-DNA probe,(More)