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An increasing body of data has demonstrated that the traditional concept of morphologic complete remission in acute myeloid leukemia, in which less than 5% myeloblasts is regarded as a sufficient response criterion, is not biologically sound. Fortunately, the quantitative reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method seems to be a promising(More)
PURPOSE Risk stratification in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is currently based on pretreatment characteristics. It remains to be established whether relapse risk can be better predicted through assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD). One proposed marker is the Wilms tumor gene WT1, which is overexpressed in most patients with AML, thus providing a(More)
Several disease-monitoring techniques are available for the physician treating acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Besides immunohistochemistry assisted light microscopy, the past 20 years have seen the development and preclinical perfection of a number of techniques, most notably quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and multicolor flow cytometry. Late(More)
Mutation status of FLT3, NPM1, CEBPA, and WT1 genes and gene expression levels of ERG, MN1, BAALC, FLT3, and WT1 have been identified as possible prognostic markers in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We have performed a thorough prognostic evaluation of these genetic markers in patients with pediatric AML enrolled in the Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology(More)
Correct action upon re-emergence of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients has not yet been established. The applicability of demethylating agents and use of allogeneic stem cell transplantation will be dependent on pre-relapse AML growth rates. We here delineate molecular growth kinetics of AML harbouring MLL partial tandem(More)
HOXA4 gene expression is a predictor for outcome in normal karyotypic acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients. Given that Meis1 is a co-factor for Hox genes, we hypothesized that the combined expression of HOXA4 and MEIS1 might add prognostic information in these patients. When diagnostic samples from 246 AML patients were divided into three main groups(More)
Early relapse detection in acute myeloid leukemia is possible using standardized real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) protocols. However, optimal sampling intervals have not been defined and are likely to vary according to the underlying molecular lesion. In 74 patients experiencing hematologic relapse and harboring aberrations amenable(More)
1Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; 2Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; 3Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; 4Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA;(More)