Hans B. Sieburg

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Whether hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) change with aging has been controversial. Previously, we showed that the HSC compartment in young mice consists of distinct subsets, each with predetermined self-renewal and differentiation behavior. Three classes of HSCs can be distinguished based on their differentiation programs: lymphoid biased, balanced, and(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a myeloid-specific enzyme that generates hypochlorous acid and other reactive oxygen species. MPO is present at high levels in circulating neutrophils and monocytes but is not detectable in microglia, brain-specific macrophages, in normal brain tissue. However, an earlier study indicated that MPO is present in macrophage-microglia(More)
Most current theories assume that self-renewal and differentiation of hematolymphoid stem cells (HSCs) is randomly regulated by intrinsic and environmental influences. A direct corollary of these tenets is that self-renewal will continuously generate functionally heterogeneous daughter HSCs. Decisions about self-renewal versus commitment are made by(More)
The adult hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) compartment contains a substantial population of lineage-biased (Lin-bi) HSCs. Lin-bi HSCs generate cells of all hematopoietic lineages, albeit with skewed ratios of lymphoid to myeloid cells. The biased ratios are stable through serial transplantation, demonstrating that lineage bias is an inherent function of the(More)
For decades, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) were thought to be a homogeneous population of cells with flexible behavior. Now a new picture has emerged: The HSC compartment consists of several subpopulations of HSCs each with distinct, preprogrammed differentiation and proliferation behaviors. These programs are epigenetically fixed and are stably(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) display extensive heterogeneity in their behavior even when isolated as phenotypically homogeneous populations. It is not clear whether this heterogeneity reflects inherently diverse subsets of HSCs or a homogeneous population of HSCs diversified by their response to different external stimuli. To address this, we analyzed 97(More)
A single hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) can generate a clone, consisting of daughter HSCs and differentiated progeny, which can sustain the hematopoietic system of multiple hosts for a long time. At the same time, this massive expansion potential must be restrained to prevent abnormal, leukemic proliferation. We used an interdisciplinary approach, combining(More)
The ability of cells to count and remember their divisions could underlie many alterations that occur during development, aging, and disease. We tracked the cumulative divisional history of slow-cycling hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) throughout adult life. This revealed a fraction of rarely dividing HSCs that contained all the long-term HSC (LT-HSC)(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Hematopoietic stem cells are functionally heterogeneous even when isolated as phenotypically homogenous populations. How this heterogeneity is generated is incompletely understood. Several models have been formulated to explain the generation of diversity. All of these assume the existence of a single type of hematopoietic stem cell that(More)