Learn More
To study the physiologic basis of variability of physical performance in the laboratory, ten male subjects were studied once a week, during a 9-12 month period. Previously, the reference maximal work load attained (Wref) was determined in each subject. The test protocol of the actual study was based on the individual Wref and started at 70% Wref for 5 min(More)
In order to determine the ventilatory threshold (VT) and the lactate threshold (LT) in a reliable way, a new method is proposed and compared with conventional methods. The new method consists of calculating the point that yields the maximal distance from a curve representing ventilatory and metabolic variables as a function of oxygen uptake (VO2) to the(More)
Overtraining is an imbalance between training and recovery. Short term overtraining or 'over-reaching' is reversible within days to weeks. Fatigue accompanied by a number of physical and psychological symptoms in the athlete is an indication of 'staleness' or 'overtraining syndrome'. Staleness is a dysfunction of the neuroendocrine system, localised at(More)
Both stable isotope methodology and fluorescence microscopy were applied to define the use of intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) stores as a substrate source during exercise on a whole-body as well as on a fibre type-specific intramyocellular level in trained male cyclists. Following an overnight fast, eight subjects were studied at rest, during 120 min of(More)
The present study was designed to determine postexercise muscle protein synthesis and whole body protein balance following the combined ingestion of carbohydrate with or without protein and/or free leucine. Eight male subjects were randomly assigned to three trials in which they consumed drinks containing either carbohydrate (CHO), carbohydrate and protein(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that adiponectin regulates plasma free fatty acid (FFA) clearance by stimulating FFA uptake and/or oxidation in muscle. We aimed to determine changes in plasma adiponectin concentration and adiponectin receptor 1 and 2 mRNA expression in skeletal muscle during and after prolonged exercise under normal, fasting conditions(More)
Simultaneous analyses of glycogen in sections with other subcellular constituents within the same section will provide detailed information on glycogen deposition and the processes involved. To date, staining protocols for quantitative glycogen analyses together with immunofluorescence in the same section are lacking. We aimed to: (1) optimise PAS staining(More)
INTRODUCTION Resistance training has been well established as an effective treatment strategy to increase skeletal muscle mass and strength in the elderly. We assessed whether dietary protein supplementation can further augment the adaptive response to prolonged resistance-type exercise training in healthy elderly men and women. METHODS Healthy elderly(More)
The aim of the study was to validate a new, fast metabolic measurement system (the Oxycon-Pro) during low and high exercise intensities against the Douglas bag method. For this purpose twelve highly trained subjects performed an incremental cycle ergometer test. In the third minute of each exercise step simultaneous measurements of the Douglas bag and the(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin secretion in response to carbohydrate intake is blunted in type 2 diabetic patients. However, it is not clear whether the insulin response to other stimuli, such as amino acids, is also diminished. Recently, we defined an optimal insulinoptropic mixture containing free leucine, phenylalanine, and a protein hydrolysate that substantially(More)