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BACKGROUND The time course of infarct evolution, i.e. how fast myocardial infarction (MI) develops during coronary artery occlusion, is well known for several species, whereas no direct evidence exists on the evolution of MI size normalized to myocardium at risk (MaR) in man. Despite the lack of direct evidence, current literature often refers to the(More)
BACKGROUND To be fully activated platelets are dependent on two positive feedback loops; the formation of thromboxane A2 by cyclooxygenase in the platelets and the release of ADP. We wanted to evaluate the effect of aspirin on platelet function in patients with acute coronary syndromes and we hypothesized that increased levels of ADP in patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND Several models for prediction of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) among chest pain patients in the emergency department (ED) have been presented, but many models predict only the likelihood of acute myocardial infarction, or include a large number of variables, which make them less than optimal for implementation at a busy ED. We report here a(More)
INTRODUCTION Assessing left ventricular (LV) systolic function in a rapid and reliable way can be challenging in the critically ill patient. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of, as well as the association between, commonly used LV systolic parameters, by using serial transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Assessing left ventricular (LV) dysfunction by echocardiography in ICU patients is common. The aim of this study was to investigate mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) in critically ill patients with shock and its relation to LV systolic and diastolic function, myocardial injury and to outcome. METHODS In a prospective,(More)
The chlorpropamide-alcohol flush (CPAF) phenomenon was quantitatively related to blood levels of acetaldehyde and chlorpropamide in 105 Type II diabetics, of whom 74 had not previously taken the drug and 31 were on chronic treatment. Standardized skin temperature recordings were made with a sensitive probe. Plasma ethanol and acetaldehyde concentrations(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is involved in the breakdown of the extracellular matrix increasing the vulnerability of atherosclerotic lesions. We analysed the diagnostic value of serum MMP-8 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) concentrations in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and their prognostic value in ACS recurrence. (More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is well documented in the critically ill. We assessed 1-year mortality in relation to cardiac biomarkers and LV function parameters by echocardiography in patients with shock. METHODS A prospective, observational, cohort study of 49 patients. B-natriuretic peptide (BNP), high-sensitive troponin T(More)
AIMS To establish a cardiac cell culture model for simulated ischemia and reperfusion and in this model investigate the impact of simulated ischemia and reperfusion on expression of the calcium handling proteins FKBP12 and FKBP12.6, and intracellular calcium dynamics. METHODS HL-1 cell cultures were exposed to normoxia (as control), hypoxia, simulated(More)
We applaud Sturgess and colleagues [1] for their report on tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in critical illness. Although their patients were selected and transthoracic echocardiography was performed at variable times after intensive care unit admission, the results provide a glimpse into the use of TDI and have generated many hypotheses. Indeed, there is a(More)
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