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BACKGROUND Tau protein and the 42-amino acid form of beta-amyloid (Abeta42) measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been proposed as potential biochemical diagnostic markers for Alzheimer disease. For the introduction of these assays in clinical practice, adequate reference values are of importance. METHODS CSF samples were obtained from 231(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biochemical markers for Alzheimer disease (AD) would be of great value to improve the clinical diagnostic accuracy of the disorder. As abnormally phosphorylated forms of the microtubule-associated protein tau have been consistently found in the brains of AD patients, and since tau can be detected in CSF, two assays based on several(More)
The repeatedly observed strong positive correlation between 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) prompted an investigation to see if conclusions concerning possible interactions between brain serotonin and dopamine turnover could be reached from human CSF concentrations of these acid metabolites.(More)
Neuropeptides appear to play a role in the pathophysiology of depression and electroconvulsive treatment and lithium affect these compounds in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and rodent brain. Consequently, we investigated whether long-term treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) citalopram (Cit) would also affect neuropeptides in(More)
To evaluate the possible influence of buspirone on sexual dysfunction in depressed patients treated with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), we analyzed data from a placebo-controlled trial designed to explore the efficacy of buspirone as add-on treatment for patients not responding to an SSRI alone. At baseline, all patients met the criteria(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of depression on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQL) with the EQ-5D instrument over 6 months while on antidepressant treatment. METHODS A total of 447 patients were recruited at 56 primary care centers to this naturalistic longitudinal observational study. Patients older(More)
A dysregulation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis is a well-documented neurobiological finding in major depression. Moreover, clinically effective therapy with antidepressant drugs may normalize the HPA axis activity. The aim of this study was to test whether citalopram (R/S-CIT) affects the function of the HPA axis in patients with major(More)
Extensive animal studies suggest neuropeptide Y (NPY) to be involved in coping with a wide range of stressors, and that impaired central NPY signalling could be involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression. Human studies of central NPY levels in depression have, however, been inconclusive. Here, we examined levels of NPY-like immunoreactivity(More)
Suicidality scores from the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia on 21 unipolar and 12 bipolar depressives were correlated with monoamine metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid using multiple regression analyses. The single item of Suicidal Tendencies Worst Week correlated highly significantly and negatively with(More)
Hypoxia promotes neural stem cell proliferation, the mechanism of which is poorly understood. Here, we have identified the nuclear orphan receptor TLX as a mediator for proliferation and pluripotency of neural progenitors upon hypoxia. We found an enhanced early protein expression of TLX under hypoxia potentiating sustained proliferation of neural(More)