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RATIONALE The ability of the human heart to regenerate large quantities of myocytes remains controversial, and the extent of myocyte renewal claimed by different laboratories varies from none to nearly 20% per year. OBJECTIVE To address this issue, we examined the percentage of myocytes, endothelial cells, and fibroblasts labeled by iododeoxyuridine in(More)
An analysis of the clonality of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) and myocyte turnover in vivo requires genetic tagging of the undifferentiated cells so that the clonal marker of individual mother cells is traced in the specialized progeny. CPC niches in the atria and apex of the mouse heart were infected with a lentivirus carrying EGFP, and the destiny of(More)
BACKGROUND Although progenitor cells have been described in distinct anatomical regions of the lung, description of resident stem cells has remained elusive. METHODS Surgical lung-tissue specimens were studied in situ to identify and characterize human lung stem cells. We defined their phenotype and functional properties in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS(More)
The Notch receptor mediates cell fate decision in multiple organs. In the current work we tested the hypothesis that Nkx2.5 is a target gene of Notch1 and raised the possibility that Notch1 regulates myocyte commitment in the adult heart. Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) in the niches express Notch1 receptor, and the supporting cells exhibit the Notch ligand(More)
RATIONALE Two categories of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) with predominantly myogenic (mCSC) and vasculogenic (vCSC) properties have been characterized in the human heart. However, it is unknown whether functionally competent CSCs of both classes are present in the myocardium of patients affected by end-stage cardiac failure, and whether these cells can be(More)
BACKGROUND Anthracyclines are the most effective drugs available in the treatment of neoplastic diseases; however, they have profound consequences on the structure and function of the heart, which over time cause a cardiomyopathy that leads to congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Administration of doxorubicin in rats led to a dilated myopathy,(More)
In addition to its role in cell adhesion, beta-catenin is an important signaling molecule in the Wnt/Wingless signaling pathway. Recent studies have indicated that beta-catenin is stabilized by hypertrophic stimuli and may regulate cardiac hypertrophic responses. To explore the role and requirement of beta-catenin in cardiac development and hypertrophy, we(More)
The presence of increased ubiquitinated proteins and amyloid oligomers in failing human hearts strikingly resembles the characteristic pathology in the brain of many neurodegenerative diseases. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is responsible for degradation of most cellular proteins and plays essential roles in virtually all cellular processes. UPS(More)
Protein misfolding and aberrant aggregation are associated with many severe disorders, such as neural degenerative diseases, desmin-related myopathy (DRM), and congestive heart failure. Intrasarcoplasmic amyloidosis and increased ubiquitinated proteins are observed in human failing hearts. The pathogenic roles of these derangements in the heart remain(More)
Ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) mediated proteolysis is responsible for the degradation of majority of cellular proteins, thereby playing essential roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis and regulating a number of cellular functions. UPS dysfunction was implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous disorders, including neurodegenerative disease, muscular(More)