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RATIONALE The ability of the human heart to regenerate large quantities of myocytes remains controversial, and the extent of myocyte renewal claimed by different laboratories varies from none to nearly 20% per year. OBJECTIVE To address this issue, we examined the percentage of myocytes, endothelial cells, and fibroblasts labeled by iododeoxyuridine in(More)
The Notch receptor mediates cell fate decision in multiple organs. In the current work we tested the hypothesis that Nkx2.5 is a target gene of Notch1 and raised the possibility that Notch1 regulates myocyte commitment in the adult heart. Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) in the niches express Notch1 receptor, and the supporting cells exhibit the Notch ligand(More)
BACKGROUND Anthracyclines are the most effective drugs available in the treatment of neoplastic diseases; however, they have profound consequences on the structure and function of the heart, which over time cause a cardiomyopathy that leads to congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Administration of doxorubicin in rats led to a dilated myopathy,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac stem cells (CSCs) delivered to the infarcted heart generate a large number of small fetal-neonatal cardiomyocytes that fail to acquire the differentiated phenotype. However, the interaction of CSCs with postmitotic myocytes results in the formation of cells with adult characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS On the basis of results of in(More)
Protein misfolding and aberrant aggregation are associated with many severe disorders, such as neural degenerative diseases, desmin-related myopathy (DRM), and congestive heart failure. Intrasarcoplasmic amyloidosis and increased ubiquitinated proteins are observed in human failing hearts. The pathogenic roles of these derangements in the heart remain(More)
The presence of increased ubiquitinated proteins and amyloid oligomers in failing human hearts strikingly resembles the characteristic pathology in the brain of many neurodegenerative diseases. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is responsible for degradation of most cellular proteins and plays essential roles in virtually all cellular processes. UPS(More)
An analysis of the clonality of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) and myocyte turnover in vivo requires genetic tagging of the undifferentiated cells so that the clonal marker of individual mother cells is traced in the specialized progeny. CPC niches in the atria and apex of the mouse heart were infected with a lentivirus carrying EGFP, and the destiny of(More)
Ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) mediated proteolysis is responsible for the degradation of majority of cellular proteins, thereby playing essential roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis and regulating a number of cellular functions. UPS dysfunction was implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous disorders, including neurodegenerative disease, muscular(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is responsible for turnover of most cellular proteins in eukaryotes. Protein degradation by the UPS serves quality control and regulatory functions. Proteasome inhibition showed great promise in effectively treating cancer and restenosis. UPS dysfunction in cardiac hypertrophy and failure has recently been suspected but(More)
RATIONALE Two categories of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) with predominantly myogenic (mCSC) and vasculogenic (vCSC) properties have been characterized in the human heart. However, it is unknown whether functionally competent CSCs of both classes are present in the myocardium of patients affected by end-stage cardiac failure, and whether these cells can be(More)