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A total of 3,340 infants, 95 per cent of them 7 to 9 months old, were randomly vaccinated in a double-blind fashion with either the 14-valent pneumococcal (Pn) polysaccharide vaccine or a saline placebo in three urban areas in Finland. The second dose of the vaccine was given 5 months later. Age and sex distribution, recruitment of infants, and their(More)
AGVs in the manufacturing industry currently constitute the largest application area for mobile robots. Other applications have been gradually emerging, including various transporting tasks in demanding environments, such as mines or harbours. Most of the new potential applications require a free-ranging navigation system, which means that the path of a(More)
We performed field trials in the course of an epidemic in Finland to learn whether Group A memingococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine protects infants and young children from meningitis. The first trial involved 130,178 children between the ages of three months and five years; 49,295 children received the vaccine, 48,977 received a control Haemophilus(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic antireflux surgery has replaced conventional operation despite the fact that currently no randomized trials have been published regarding its cost effectiveness. The objective of the present study was to compare costs and some short-term outcomes of laparoscopic and open Nissen fundoplication. STUDY DESIGN Forty-two patients with(More)
A recently developed Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide vaccine was given to 48,977 children 3 months to 5 years of age; an equal number of children receiving group A meningococcal vaccine served as controls. The protection as well as serum antibody response was strongly age-dependent. Among children who had received the H. influenzae(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic operation has replaced conventional operation in the treatment of reflux disease. This change has been mostly based on excellent results from highly experienced antireflux surgeons rather than on randomized clinical trials. AIMS The objective of this study was to compare the short-term symptomatic outcome and patient quality of(More)
BACKGROUND The etiologic factors of delirium have been frequently studied in hospitalized elderly patients who usually have an underlying disorder, i.e., hip fracture or dementia predisposing to delirium. The etiologic factors of delirium and prognosis in healthy elderly remain unstudied. The aim of our study was to detect the primary and additional(More)
BACKGROUND The Schmid type of metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (MCDS) is generally due to mutations in COL10A1 encoding for type X collagen of cartilage. METHODS We performed a study on the genes coding for the RNA components of RNase MRP (MRPR) and RNase P (H1RNA) among 20 patients with diagnosis of MCDS and no mutations in COL10A1. RESULTS Two patients(More)
The actual use of hospital beds for patients with multiple myeloma was calculated from a randomised trial of primary treatment with either melphalan and prednisone (MP, 66 patients) or intensive combination chemotherapy with vincristine, cyclophosphamide, lomustine, melphalan and methylprednisolone (MOCCA, 64 patients). The survival of the patients was(More)