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Several studies have shown the opioid antagonist naltrexone to be effective when combined with psychosocial therapies for the treatment of patients who are dependent on alcohol with fixed medication and time (12 weeks). In this study, 121 nonabstinent outpatients with alcohol dependence (DSM-IV) were treated with sessions of cognitive coping skills (N = 67)(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare the socio-demographic characteristics of non-problem gamblers, problem gamblers and pathological gamblers, to investigate the association between gambling related factors and perceived health and well-being among the three subgroups of gamblers, and to analyse simultaneously socio-demographic(More)
The dose response to alcohol use of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), and their combination (gamma-CDT) was studied in an age- and gender-stratified, random sample from Finland in 1997. A linear association with a threshold between alcohol consumption and the three markers was observed. Body mass index was negatively(More)
BACKGROUND Brain dopamine neurons code rewarding environmental stimuli by releasing endogenous dopamine, a transmission signal that is important for reinforcement learning. Human reward-seeking gambling behavior, and especially pathological gambling, has been presumed to be modulated by brain dopamine. METHODS Striatal dopamine release was studied with(More)
An elevated plasma total homocysteine level (tHcy) is considered an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. The mechanisms by which hyperhomocysteinemia induces atherosclerosis are only partially understood, but promotion of LDL oxidation and endothelial injury have been suggested. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a high plasma(More)
Ratios of urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine to urinary creatinine (8-OHdG/creatinine) have been considered as a good biological indicator of DNA oxidation. Urinary 8-OHdG/creatinine levels of lung cancer patients were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a monoclonal antibody N45.1 during radiotherapy and chemotherapy. An increase in(More)
L-Glutamic, L-aspartic acids and a number of their structural analogs, including quisqualic, kainic, ibotenic, quinolinic, and N-methyl-D-aspartic (NMDA) acids, increase inositol phospholipid hydrolysis when added to primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells, as is reflected by an enhanced formation of 3H-inositolmonophosphate (3H-IP1) in the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND The use of a combination of markers to detect excessive alcohol consumption has been reported to provide better sensitivity in the diagnosis of alcohol abuse than single markers. However, the optimal combination of markers for the diagnosis of alcohol abuse has not yet been found. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of(More)
The circadian variation in the expression of Fos protein(s) in the rat brain was studied immunohistochemically. The number of Fos-immunoreactive nuclei was statistically increased in the hippocampus and caudate putamen after the onset of darkness. Unlike the cells of the hippocampus and putamen the cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus displayed a circadian(More)
In the present study, alcohol consumption was estimated in a population survey in Pitkäranta in the Republic of Karelia, Russia (RUS) and in the neighbouring province of North Karelia in Finland (FIN) in the spring of 1997 in connection with the National FINRISK Study. Alcohol consumption was evaluated by self-report and by the biological markers(More)