Hannes Palang

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Interactions between nature and man – the underlying forces in landscape – have over time caused diversity. Usually, geographers and landscape ecologists deal with spatial diversity; in this paper, we would like to also consider temporal diversity. We argue that Central and Eastern European landscapes (using the examples of Estonia, Hungary, Poland and(More)
Some personal thoughts are discussed based upon the author’s experience of landscape research as a geographer to whom the holistic character of landscape as the result of natural processes and human activities is obvious and thus the interdisciplinary approach as well. The growing demand for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary landscape research is(More)
Cultural landscapes evolve over time. However, the rate and direction of change might not be in line with societal needs and more information on the forces driving these changes are therefore needed. Filling the gap between single case studies and meta-analyses, we present a comparative study of landscape changes and their driving forces based in six(More)
The design of effective responses to safeguard cultural landscape values in Europe needs collaborative action among the stakeholders involved. Despite considerable progress triggered by the European Landscape Convention (ELC) and other initiatives to link landscape science, policy and practice, a joint research–action agenda is still lacking. We respond to(More)
The article presents landscapes as natural, historical, cultural, social and political phenomena, and above all as a meaningful part of the environment. We will argue – by giving a contextual framework of landscape changes followed by four case studies from Central and Eastern Europe – that comprehension of landscapes has declined in the 20th century. Along(More)
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