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PURPOSE In laparoscopic surgery, soft tissue deformations substantially change the surgical site, thus impeding the use of preoperative planning during intraoperative navigation. Extracting depth information from endoscopic images and building a surface model of the surgical field-of-view is one way to represent this constantly deforming environment. The(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic liver surgery is particularly challenging owing to restricted access, risk of bleeding, and lack of haptic feedback. Navigation systems have the potential to improve information on the exact position of intrahepatic tumors, and thus facilitate oncological resection. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of a commercially(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease with high prevalence, associated with severe co-morbidities as well as being a huge burden on public health. It is known that glycemic control decreases long-term morbidity and mortality. The current standard therapy for T2DM is medical treatment. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) performed(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical significance of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as a primary bariatric intervention is still under debate. This article aims to systematically analyze excessive weight loss (EWL) in patients after SG. METHODS A systematic literature search on SG from the period January 2003 to December 2010 was performed. Data described from systematic(More)
This study compared virtual reality (VR) training with low cost-blended learning (BL) in a structured training program.Training of laparoscopic skills outside the operating room is mandatory to reduce operative times and risks.Laparoscopy-naïve medical students were randomized in 2 groups stratified for sex. The BL group (n = 42) used E-learning for(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of virtual reality (VR) training for a multimodality training program of basic laparoscopic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants in a two-day multimodality training for laparoscopic surgery used box trainers, live animal training, and cadaveric training on the pulsating organ(More)
BACKGROUND Due to its reliable effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has recently been investigated as a treatment option for nonseverely obese patients with T2DM (body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m(2)). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether RGYB induces malnutrition of macro- and micronutrients(More)
PURPOSE The validated Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) score is used for evaluating laparoscopic surgical performance. It consists of two subscores, a Global Rating Scale (GRS) and a Specific Technical Skills (STS) scale. The OSATS has accepted construct validity for direct observation ratings by experts to discriminate between(More)
PURPOSE Knowledge about the influence of underlying biomaterial on behavior of surgical meshes at the esophageal hiatus is rare, but essential for safe and effective hiatal hernia surgery. This study aimed to characterize the influence of polymer material on mesh behavior at the hiatus. METHODS 24 pigs in three groups of eight underwent implantation of(More)
BACKGROUND Apart from animal testing and clinical trials, surgical research and laparoscopic training mainly rely on phantoms. The aim of this project was to design a phantom with realistic anatomy and haptic characteristics, modular design and easy reproducibility. The phantom was named open-source Heidelberg laparoscopic phantom (OpenHELP) and serves as(More)