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Mitochondrial function and sperm viability were quantified in samples of cryopreserved bovine spermatozoa from 12 bulls using fluorometric techniques. The active mitochondria of the spermatozoa were fluorescently stained using three different fluorophores: rhodamine 123 (R123), 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolyl-carbocyan ine iodide(More)
Germ cell transplantation is a technique that transfers donor testicular cells into recipient testes. A population of germ cells can colonize the recipient testis, initiate spermatogenesis, and produce sperm capable of fertilization. In the present study, a nonmosaic Klinefelter bull was used as a germ cell recipient. The donor cell suspension was(More)
The coat colour in mammals is determined by the relative amounts of eumelanin (black/brown) and phaeomelanin (red/yellow), produced in melanocytes, which are controlled by melanocyte stimulating hormone receptor (MSH-R). Melanocyte stimulating hormone receptor is activated by alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH). Stimulated MSH-R activates(More)
Vitamin C deficient pigs, when fed a diet lacking L-ascorbic acid (AscA), manifest deformity of the legs, multiple fractures, osteoporosis, growth retardation and haemorrhagic tendencies. This trait was shown by others to be controlled by a single autosomal recessive allele designated as od (osteogenic disorder). The inability of AscA biosynthesis in(More)
Degenerate primers based on human and mouse obesity gene (OBS) sequencing data were used in the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of total RNA from pig white adipose tissue. Both strands of the resultant pig- specific 325 bp DNA fragment were sequenced. Comparison of the obtained sequence with known sequences revealed an 86% identity(More)
In mammals, red/yellow and brown/black colorations are determined by the distribution of two pigments, phaeomelanin and eumelanin, respectively, the relative amounts of which are controlled primarily by two loci, extension and agouti. Dominant alleles at the extension locus increase brown/black pigmentation, while recessive alleles block eumelanin(More)
The aim of this study was to refine the localization of the receptor locus for fimbriae F4ac. Small intestinal enterocyte preparations from 187 pigs were phenotyped by an in vitro adhesion test using two strains of Escherichia coli representing the variants F4ab and F4ac. The three-generation pedigree comprised eight founders, 18 F1 and 174 F2 animals, for(More)
Susceptibility to enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli with fimbriae F4ac is dominantly inherited in the pig. A three-generation pedigree was created to refine the position of F4acR on chromosome 13 comprising 202 pigs: eight parents, 18 F1 and 176 F2 pigs. The 17-point analysis indicates that F4acR lies between Sw207 and S0283. Recombinant offspring specify(More)
The cause of porcine congenital progressive ataxia and spastic paresis (CPA) is unknown. This severe neuropathy manifests shortly after birth and is lethal. The disease is inherited as a single autosomal recessive allele, designated cpa. In a previous study, we demonstrated close linkage of cpa to microsatellite SW902 on porcine chromosome 3 (SSC3), which(More)
Molecular markers allow a characterization of animal populations on DNA level. They help to estimate the genetic variability, they are useful in paternity control, to diagnose hereditary diseases, in epidemiology and last but not least support traditional tools to take breeding decisions. Seventy-six new-world camelids in Switzerland were genetically typed(More)