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Interactions between species can affect the evolution of their sexual signals, receiver selectivity, or both. One commonly expected outcome is reproductive character displacement, whereby adverse consequences of mismating select for greater differentiation of communication systems in areas of sympatry than in areas of allopatry. We found evidence of(More)
Signals used for mate choice and receiver preferences are often assumed to coevolve in a lock-step fashion. However, sender-receiver coevolution can also be nonparallel: even if species differences in signals are mainly quantitative, females of some closely related species have qualitatively different preferences and underlying mechanisms. Two-alternative(More)
Variation within and among males was documented in two properties of the advertisement call of Litoria verreauxi; comparisons were also made between populations of L. verreauxi that were allopatric and sympatric with L. ewingi. Pulse rate, a property of known importance in mate recognition, was stereotyped. However, a character upon which the full(More)
Polyploidization is one of the few mechanisms that can produce instantaneous speciation. Multiple origins of tetraploid lineages from the same two diploid progenitors are common, but here we report the first known instance of a single tetraploid species that originated repeatedly from at least three diploid ancestors. Parallel evolution of advertisement(More)
Whole-genome duplication is believed to have played a significant role in the early evolution and diversification of vertebrate animals. The establishment of newly arisen polyploid lineages of sexually reproducing animals requires assortative mating between polyploids. Here, we show that genome duplication can directly alter a phenotypic trait mediating(More)
1. The significance of particular acoustic properties of advertisement calls for selective phonotaxis by the gray treefrog, Hyla versicolor (= HV), was studied behaviorally and neurophysiologically. Most stimuli were played back at 85 dB SPL, a level typically measured at 1-2 m from a calling male. 2. Females preferred stimuli with conspecific pulse shapes(More)
Performance limitations on signal production constrain signal evolution. Variation in signaling performance may be related to signaler quality and therefore is likely to be a salient aspect of communication systems. When multiple signal components are involved in communication, there may be trade-offs between components, and performance can be measured as(More)
1. We used laser vibrometry to study the vibrational frequency response of the eardrum of female gray tree frogs for different positions of the sound source in three-dimensional space. Furthermore, we studied the accuracy of 3-D phonotaxis in the same species for sounds with different frequency contents. 2. The directionality of the eardrum was most(More)
Frogs have two inner ear organs, each tuned to a different range of frequencies. Female treefrogs (Hylidae) of three species in which males produce calls with a bimodal spectrum (Hyla chrysoscelis, H. versicolor, H. arenicolor) preferred alternatives with a bimodal spectrum to alternatives with a single high-frequency peak. By contrast, females of H.(More)
Speciation by polyploidy is rare in animals, yet, in vertebrates, there is a disproportionate concentration of polyploid species in anuran amphibians. Sequences from the cytochrome b gene of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were used to determine phylogenetic relationships among 37 populations of the diploid-tetraploid species pair of gray treefrogs, Hyla(More)