Hannes Fischer

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The mass density of proteins is a relevant basic biophysical quantity. It is also a useful input parameter, for example, for three-dimensional structure determination by protein crystallography and studies of protein oligomers in solution by analytic ultracentrifugation. We have performed a critical analysis of published, theoretical, and experimental(More)
Proteins that belong to the heat shock protein (Hsp) 40 family assist Hsp70 in many cellular functions and are important for maintaining cell viability. A knowledge of the structural and functional characteristics of the Hsp40 family is therefore essential for understanding the role of the Hsp70 chaperone system in cells. In this work, we used small angle(More)
The thyroid hormone receptor (TR) D-domain links the ligand-binding domain (LBD, EF-domain) to the DNA-binding domain (DBD, C-domain), but its structure, and even its existence as a functional unit, are controversial. The D domain is poorly conserved throughout the nuclear receptor family and was originally proposed to comprise an unfolded hinge that(More)
ATP-dependent phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) (ATP: oxaloacetate carboxylyase (transphosphorylating), EC 4.1.1.49) is a key enzyme involved in the catabolism of glucose and amino acids in the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. Due to the significant differences in the amino acid sequence and substrate specificity(More)
Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a class 2 cytokine whose primary structure is similar to that of interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). IL-22 induction during acute phase immune response indicates its involvement in mechanisms of inflammation. Structurally different from IL-10 and a number of other members of IL-10 family, which form intertwined(More)
The co-chaperone GrpE is essential for the activities of the Hsp70 system, which assists protein folding. GrpE is present in several organisms, and characterization of homologous GrpEs is important for developing structure-function relationships. Cloning, producing, and conformational studies of the recombinant human mitochondrial GrpE are reported here.(More)
OBJECTIVES A rational approach in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is the intranasal application of antiseptic agents, due to the pathogenetic role of bacteria and fungi. N-Chlorotaurine (NCT), a mild endogenous oxidant with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, has been tested for the first time in CRS. METHODS This one-arm phase IIa(More)
Nuclear receptors are ligand-inducible transcription factors that share structurally related DNA-binding (DBD) and ligand-binding (LBD) domains. Biochemical and structural studies have revealed the modular nature of DBD and LBD. Nevertheless, the domains function in concert in vivo. While high-resolution crystal structures of nuclear receptor DBDs and LBDs(More)
Classical parameters obtained from surface tension technique coupled to small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements gave support to investigate conformational changes in the bovine serum albumin (BSA)-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) complexes, as well as the size of the micelle-like clusters distributed along the polypeptide chain. The studied systems(More)
We report the crystal structure of the apoenzyme of N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcNAc6P) deacetylase from Escherichia coli (EcNAGPase) and the spectrometric evidence of the presence of Zn2+ in the native protein. The GlcNAc6P deacetylase is an enzyme of the amino sugar catabolic pathway that catalyzes the conversion of the GlcNAc6P into glucosamine(More)