Hannelore Stender

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TB PNA FISH is a new fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes for differentiation between species of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in acid-fast bacillus-positive (AFB+) cultures is described. The test is based on fluorescein-labelled PNA probes that target(More)
SETTING Peptidenucleic acid (PNA) probesdesigned for specific detection of mycobacteria of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) and other non-tuberculous mycobacterium species (NTM) are shown to be able to penetrate the mycobacterial cell wall and subsequently hybridize in situ to complementary rRNA. OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the use of(More)
A new fluorescence in situ hybridization assay based on peptide nucleic acid probes (MTB and NTM probes targeting tuberculous and nontuberculous species, respectively) for the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and differentiation between tuberculous and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) was evaluated using Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) solid(More)
The oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) by mammalian 15-lipoxygenases (15-LOX) was implicated in early atherogenesis. We investigated the molecular mechanism of 15-LOX/LDL interaction and found that during short term incubations, LDL cholesterol esters are oxygenated preferentially by the enzyme. Even when the LDL particle was loaded with free(More)
The lipoxygenase from reticulocytes oxygenates 15LS-HETE to 8-hydroperoxy-15-hydroxy-5,9,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid and 5-hydroperoxy-15-hydroxy-6,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid only in the presence of catalytic concentrations of monohydroperoxy fatty acids. During this reaction the hydroperoxy fatty acids are converted to more polar products including(More)
The recombinant rabbit reticulocyte 15-lipoxygenase has been expressed in E. coli with a yield of about 50-70 micrograms pure lipoxygenase protein per 1 of liquid culture. The enzyme has been purified to apparent homogeneity from the bacteria lysis supernatant by ammonium sulfate precipitation, and two consecutive steps of anion exchange chromatography on a(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipoxygenases with different positional specificity have been implicated in atherogenesis, but the precise roles of the various isoforms remain unclear. Because of its capability of oxidizing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to an atherogenic form, 12/15-lipoxygenases have been suggested to initiate LDL oxidation in vivo; thus, these enzymes may(More)
The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been implicated as a pro-atherogenic process in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Macrophages rapidly take up oxidized LDL via scavenger-receptor-mediated pathways and thereby develop into lipid-laden foam cells. The uptake mechanism has been studied extensively and several types of(More)
AIMS Glutathione peroxidases (Gpx) and lipoxygenases (Alox) are functional counterplayers in the metabolism of hydroperoxy lipids that regulate cellular redox homeostasis. Gpx4 is a moonlighting protein that has been implicated not only as an enzyme in anti-oxidative defense, gene expression regulation, and programmed cell death, but also as a structural(More)