Hannelore Samyn

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Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is a multifunctional protein synthesized by various cell types and secreted into the plasma. Plasma PLTP is able to transfer phospholipids between lipoproteins and modulate HDL particles. Mice with overexpression of human PLTP have an increased ability to generate pre beta-HDL, reduced total HDL levels and an increased(More)
In low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR)-deficient mice, overexpression of human plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) results in increased atherosclerosis. PLTP strongly decreases HDL levels and might alter the antiatherogenic properties of HDL particles. To study the potential interaction between human PLTP and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), double(More)
OBJECTIVE A transgenic mouse model was generated that allows conditional expression of human PLTP, based on the tetracycline-responsive gene system, to study the effects of an acute increase in plasma PLTP activity as may occur in inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS The effects of an acute elevation of plasma PLTP activity on the metabolism of(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is expressed by various cell types. In plasma, it is associated with high density lipoproteins (HDL). Elevated levels of PLTP in transgenic mice result in decreased HDL and increased atherosclerosis. PLTP is present in human atherosclerotic lesions, where it seems to be macrophage derived. The aim of the(More)
Plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) interacts with HDL particles and facilitates the transfer of phospholipids from triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins to HDL. Overexpressing human PLTP in mice increases the susceptibility to atherosclerosis. In human plasma, high-active and low-active forms of PLTP exist. To elucidate the contribution of(More)
One main determinant in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism is phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), a plasma protein that is associated with HDL. In transgenic mice overexpressing human PLTP we found that elevated plasma PLTP levels dose-dependently increased the susceptibility to diet-induced atherosclerosis. This could be mainly due to the fact(More)
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is associated with HDL particles in plasma, where it transfers phospholipids between lipoproteins and remodels HDL particles. Tangier disease patients, with a mutated ABCA1 transporter, have extremely low plasma HDL concentration and reduced PLTP activity levels, a phenotype that is also observed in mice lacking ABCA1.(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) expression may increase atherosclerosis in mice by reducing plasma HDL and increasing hepatic VLDL secretion. Hepatic lipase (HL) is a lipolytic enzyme involved in several aspects of the same pathways of lipoprotein metabolism. We investigated whether the effects of elevated PLTP activity are(More)
Excessive cell proliferation contributes to the pathobiology of human diseases with a high health and socio-economic impact, including cancer and vascular occlusive diseases (e. g., atherosclerosis, in-stent restenosis, transplant vasculopathy, and vessel bypass graft failure). Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular networks governing the(More)
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