Hannelore Haase

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Most of the patients with congenital heart diseases express the atrial myosin light chain 1 (ALC-1) in the right ventricle. We investigated the functional consequences of ALC-1 expression on the myosin cycling kinetics in the intact sarcomeric structure using multicellular demembranated fibers ("skinned fibers") from the right ventricular infundibulum of(More)
Here we have used gene-targeting to eliminate expression of smooth-muscle myosin heavy chain. Elimination of this gene does not affect expression of non-muscle myosin heavy chain, and knockout individuals typically survive for three days. Prolonged activation, by KCl depolarisation, of intact bladder preparations from wild-type neonatal mice produces an(More)
Zinc deficiency is accompanied by a severe impairment of the immune system, causing a high risk for infections and autoimmune diseases due to altered functionality of B- and T- cells. The influence of zinc deficiency on T- and B- cells via alteration of cytokine expression is well established. The aim of this study was to examine potential direct effects of(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to characterize the ionic and molecular mechanisms in the very early phases of electrical remodeling in a rabbit model of rapid atrial pacing (RAP). BACKGROUND Long-term atrial fibrillation reduces L-type Ca(2+) (I(Ca,L)) and transient outward K(+) (I(to)) currents by transcriptional downregulation of the underlying(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by decreased L-type calcium current (I(Ca,L)) in atrial myocytes and decreased atrial contractility. Oxidant stress and redox modulation of calcium channels are implicated in these pathologic changes. We evaluated the relationship between glutathione content (the primary cellular reducing moiety) and I(Ca,L) in(More)
Ahnak, a protein of 5643 amino acids, interacts with the regulatory beta-subunit of cardiac calcium channels and with F-actin. Recently, we defined the binding sites among the protein partners in the carboxyl-terminal domain of ahnak. Here we further narrowed down the beta(2)-interaction sites to the carboxyl-terminal 188 amino acids of ahnak by the(More)
Mechanical properties and isoform composition of myosin heavy and light chains were studied in hypertrophying rat urinary bladders. Growth of the bladder was induced by partial ligation of the urethra. Preparations were obtained after 10 days. In maximally activated skinned preparations from the hypertrophying tissue, the maximal shortening velocity and the(More)
Calcium functions as an essential second messenger during neuronal development and synapse acquisition. Voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCC), which are critical to these processes, are heteromultimeric complexes composed of alpha1, alpha2/delta, and beta subunits. beta subunits function to direct the VDCC complex to the plasma membrane as well as(More)
We investigated the effects of the expression of myosin light chain (MLC) isoforms on the Ca2+ sensitivity of isometric force production of demembranated (skinned) fibers of papillary muscle from the left ventricle of three groups: patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (NYHA IV) and normal human hearts. Expression and(More)
The cGMP-mediated phospholamban phosphorylation was investigated in cardiomyocytes in response to receptor-dependent (atrial natriuretic peptide, ANP) and -independent (sodium nitroprusside; SNP) cGMP generation. ANP (1 nM-1 microM) induced phospholamban phosphorylation in a concentration-dependent fashion (EC50: 5.0 +/- 0.09 nM). Concomitantly, an(More)