Hannele Ylipahkala

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Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) is an enzyme that is expressed in high amounts by bone resorbing osteoclasts, inflammatory macrophages and dendritic cells. Two forms of TRACP circulate in human blood, TRACP 5a derived from macrophages and dendritic cells, and TRACP 5b derived from osteoclasts. Recent data have demonstrated the utility of TRACP(More)
Activated macrophages and osteoclasts express high amounts of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP, acp5). TRACP has a binuclear iron center with a redox-active iron that has been shown to catalyze the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Fenton's reaction. Previous studies suggest that ROS generated by TRACP may participate in degradation of(More)
Osteocalcin detected from serum samples is considered a specific marker of osteoblast activity and bone formation rate. However, osteocalcin embedded in bone matrix must also be released during bone resorption. To understand the contribution of each type of bone cell in circulating osteocalcin levels, we used immunoassays detecting different molecular forms(More)
Human serum contains two isoforms of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) known as TRACP 5a and TRACP 5b with pH optima of 5.0 and 5.8, respectively. Preliminary data suggest that serum TRACP 5b is derived from osteoclasts and serum TRACP 5a from some other cells. It has been reported that heparin inhibits TRACP 5a but has no effect on the activity(More)
UNLABELLED In osteoclasts, TRACP co-localized with cathepsin K in transcytotic vesicles and was activated by cathepsin K in vitro, suggesting that TRACP may degrade organic matrix components in transcytotic vesicles in an event regulated by cathepsin K. INTRODUCTION TRACP is an enzyme with unknown biological function. In addition to its phosphatase(More)
Osteoclasts and macrophages express high amounts of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP), an enzyme with unknown biological function. TRACP contains a disulfide bond, a protease-sensitive loop peptide, and a redox-active iron that can catalyze formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We studied the effects of proteolytic cleavage by trypsin,(More)
We cultured human bone marrow-derived stem cells on bovine bone slices in 96-well plates in the presence of M-CSF and RANKL, allowing them to differentiate into osteoclasts. Secreted TRACP 5b was a useful endpoint measurement to demonstrate effects of inhibitors of osteoclast differentiation in the culture system, reflecting accurately the number of formed(More)
Two forms of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) circulate in human blood, TRACP 5a derived from inflammatory macrophages and TRACP 5b derived from osteoclasts. Serum TRACP 5b is a clinically useful marker of osteoclast number and bone resorption. We have studied TRACP 5b specificity of two commercially available immunoassays that are stated to be(More)
Two forms of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) circulate in human blood, TRACP 5a derived from inflammatory macrophages and TRACP 5b derived from osteoclasts. We compared the clinical performance of the following TRACP immunoassays for monitoring alendronate treatment in postmenopausal women: 1) TRACP 5b activity using a selective pH; 2) TRACP 5b(More)
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) is an enzyme with unknown biological function. In addition to its acid phosphatase activity, TRACP is capable of generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) at neutral pH. Two forms of TRACP circulate in human serum, macrophage-derived TRACP 5a and osteoclast-derived TRACP 5b. Here we have studied the circulating(More)
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