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The increased use of mobile phones has raised the question of possible health effects of such devices, particularly the risk of cancer. It seems unlikely that the low-level radiofrequency (RF) radiation emitted by them would damage DNA directly, but its ability to act as a tumor promoter is less well characterized. In the current study, we evaluated the(More)
The present study on the connection between standard metabolic rate (R(S)) and chronic Diplostomum spp. infection resulted in a decrease in R(S), and an enlargement in spleen and liver sizes in the infected juvenile Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus compared to control fish. As splenic enlargement observed in infected fish was not due to condition-related(More)
Effects of alternating magnetic fields (MFs) on the embryonic and fetal development in CBA/Ca mice were studied. Mated females were exposed continuously to a sinusoidal 50 Hz (13 microT or 0.13 mT root mean square) or a sawtooth 20 kHz (15 microT peak-to-peak) MF from day 0 to day 18 of pregnancy for 24 h/day until necropsied on day 18. Control animals were(More)
Possible adverse effects of magnetic fields (MFs) on reproduction have been an open question. To verify the embryo-lethal effect of pulsed MF of the type emitted by video display terminals (VDTs) reported previously in CBA/S mice, a developmental toxicity study was conducted in animals of the same origin. Mated CBA/S mice (80-86 pregnant animals per group)(More)
PURPOSE The effects of low-level radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin tumorigenesis were evaluated in ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and non-transgenic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS Transgenic female mice over-expressing the human ODC gene and their non-transgenic littermates (20 animals in the cage control group, and 45-49 animals(More)
To gain insight into the relationship between TCDD acute toxicity and teratogenicity, developmental effects of TCDD were assessed in the most TCDD-resistant and -sensitive rat strains, Han/Wistar (Kuopio [H/W]; LD50 > 7200 micrograms/kg) and Long-Evans (Turku AB [L-E]; LD50 about 10 micrograms/kg), respectively. A single oral dose of 0, 1, or 10(More)
This study evaluated possible effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation on tumorigenesis induced by the mutagen 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) given in drinking water. Female Wistar rats aged 7 weeks at the beginning of the experiments were randomly divided into four groups of 72 animals: a cage-control group and three MX-exposed(More)
From 1996 to 2000, ZEBET (Centre for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternative Methods to Animal Experiments at the BgVV, Berlin, Germany) coordinated the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) prevalidation and validation study on three embryotoxicity tests: a) a test employing embryonic stem cell lines (EST); b) the micromass(More)
Since 1997 the National Center for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternative Methods to Animal Experiments, ZEBET, in Berlin, has been coordinating a validation study aimed at prevalidation and validation of three in vitro embryotoxicity tests, funded by the European Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) at the Joint Research Center(More)
Changes in the perinatal testosterone surge have been related to demasculinization of the central nervous system and androgen-dependent growth of the reproductive organs in male mammals. Earlier reports suggest that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) interferes with androgen production, but the perinatal effects have remained elusive. In the present(More)