Hanne B. McPeak

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A laboratory investigation was carried out to evaluate the performance of the Datex Capnomac multigas anaesthetic agent analyser, with particular emphasis on accuracy, response and delay times, zero and gain stability and interference from water vapour. The analysis of anaesthetic vapours was less accurate than the analysis of CO2, O2 and N2O, but(More)
Two challenges in the management of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome are the difficulty in diagnosing cyclical atelectasis, and in individualising mechanical ventilation therapy in real-time. Commercial optical oxygen sensors can detect [Formula: see text] oscillations associated with cyclical atelectasis, but are not accurate at saturation levels below(More)
Very fast sensors that are able to track rapid changes in oxygen partial pressure (PO2) in the gas and liquid phases are increasingly required in scientific research - particularly in the life sciences. Recent interest in monitoring very fast changes in the PO2 of arterial blood in some respiratory failure conditions is one such example. Previous attempts(More)
A laboratory evaluation was performed on the Brüel and Kjaer multigas monitor 1304, incorporating a pulse oximeter. The instrument was tested for accuracy, stability, response and delay times, frequency response and the effects of water vapour, alcohol, cyclopropane and sevoflurane. The instrument's performance was found to be within or very close to the(More)
Tidal ventilation causes within-breath oscillations in alveolar oxygen concentration, with an amplitude which depends on the prevailing ventilator settings. These alveolar oxygen oscillations are transmitted to arterial oxygen tension, PaO2, but with an amplitude which now depends upon the magnitude of venous admixture or true shunt, QS/QT. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable interest in oxygen partial pressure (Po2) monitoring in physiology, and in tracking Po2 changes dynamically when it varies rapidly. For example, arterial Po2 ([Formula: see text]) can vary within the respiratory cycle in cyclical atelectasis (CA), where [Formula: see text] is thought to increase and decrease during(More)
The kinetics of the reaction between superoxide and carbon dioxide are investigated at a 10 mm gold disc microelectrode in three nonaqueous solvent systems (dimethylsulphoxide, N,N-dimethylformamide and acetonitrile), and are observed to be first-order with respect to both superoxide and carbon dioxide in all three cases, with a DISP1-type pathway likely(More)
Commotio cordis is arrhythmia or sudden death from low-impact, blunt trauma to the chest without apparent heart injury. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common associated arrhythmia, and heart block, bundle branch block, and ST-segment elevation are also seen. Commotio cordis occurs most commonly in baseball but has also been reported in hockey,(More)
Arterial oxygen partial pressure can increase during inspiration and decrease during expiration in the presence of a variable shunt fraction, such as with cyclical atelectasis, but it is generally presumed to remain constant within a respiratory cycle in the healthy lung. We measured arterial oxygen partial pressure continuously with a fast intra-vascular(More)
The ability of the Transit-time Ultrasonic Breath Analyser (TUBA, GHG Medical Electronics GMBH, Zürich, Switzerland) to measure peak flow and tidal volume in the laboratory was tested using a variety of flow and pressure conditions, chosen to simulate the respiratory patterns of patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support. A stable zero baseline was(More)
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