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Several hypotheses aim to explain the evolution of helping behavior, but conclusive experimental support for evaluating the relative importance of individual hypotheses is still larking We report on two field experiments* conducted to test the "territory inheritance" and "pay-to-stay" hypotheses in the cooperatively breeding cichlid fish Neolamprologus(More)
The financial support that IIED's Human Settlements Group receives from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DANIDA) supported the publication and dissemination of this working paper. Professor at the University of Hull and in 2004 was one of the recipients of the Volvo Environment(More)
PROGRAMME was established in 2001. The programme's goal is to enhance understanding of the linkages between sustainable development and climate change. Priority themes for the programme include: enhancing adaptation capacity in developing countries; climate change and sustainable livelihoods linkages in developing countries; capacity strengthening in(More)
SUMMARY: Many disasters take place in urban areas, affecting millions of people each year through loss of life, serious injury and loss of assets and livelihoods. Poorer groups are generally most affected. The impact of these disasters and their contribution to poverty are underestimated, as is the extent to which rapidly growing and poorly managed urban(More)
Biodiversity — the variety of all life, from genes and species to ecosystems — is intimately linked to Earth's climate and, inevitably, to climate change. Biodiversity and poverty are also inextricably connected. For instance, changes to natural ecosystems influence both climate change and people's ability to cope with some of its damaging impacts. And in(More)
This draft was prepared for the Rockefeller Foundation. The text draws heavily on a series of background papers that are acknowledged in the references; this paper and the accompanying Annex incorporates sections of text drawn directly from these papers and so parts of this draft are by Debra Roberts (case study on Durban's adaptation strategy), Jorgelina(More)
Climate change is already affecting European biodiversity, as demonstrated by changes in species' ranges and ecosystem boundaries, shifts in reproductive cycles and growing seasons, and changes to the complex ways in which species interact (predation, pollination, competition and disease). These effects vary between regions and ecosystems. Strategies(More)
  • Md Shamsuddoha, S M Munjurul, +6 authors Hannah Reid
  • 2012
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