Hannah R Shotton

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BACKGROUND Diabetes has a differential effect on different subpopulations of myenteric neurons. Our aim was to investigate an in vitro model to examine the pathways underlying the development of nerve changes in diabetes. METHODS The proportions of neuronal cell bodies containing vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), neuronal nitric oxide synthase(More)
Treatment with alpha-lipoic acid (LA) or evening primrose oil (EPO), individually, fails to prevent diabetes-induced changes in enteric nerves. Since synergy between these treatments has been reported, the aim was to investigate the effectiveness of combined LA/EPO treatment. LA and EPO were administered in the diet (approximately 80 and 200 mg/kg/day,(More)
It has been demonstrated that subpopulations of myenteric neurons are differentially susceptible to the development of neuropathy in diabetes. Within the myenteric plexus are neurons that contain neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). However, these are not a homogeneous population. Some of the nNOS-containing neurons also contain heme oxygenase 2 (HO2).(More)
Optic nerves of adult rats were crushed 2 mm behind the eye to examine the ability of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to regenerate their axons. Some animals were treated with the immunophilin ligands FK 506 or GPI 1046 for up to 4 weeks. After 10 days to 16 months, regenerating RGC axons were visualized using anterograde tracing and/or electron microscopy. A(More)
Diabetes is the major cause of autonomic neuropathy in humans. Sympathetic neurons from the celiac/superior mesenteric ganglia (CG/SMG) develop neuropathic changes in diabetes whereas sympathetic superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons do not. Glucose-induced oxidative stress is proposed as a major factor in the development of diabetic neuropathy. The aim(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of aminoguanidine (AG) to prevent diabetes-induced changes in nitric oxide synthase- (nNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide- (VIP) and noradrenaline- (NA) containing nerves of the rat ileum using immunohistochemical and biochemical techniques. Diabetes was induced in adult male Wistar rats by a single(More)
Acute equine grass sickness (EGS) is a fatal disease of horses that is thought to be due to ingestion of a neurotoxic agent causing extensive damage to autonomic neurons. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of EGS on neurons in two sympathetic ganglia, the paravertebral cranial cervical ganglion (CCG) and the prevertebral coeliac/cranial(More)
OBJECTIVES To survey clinical practice and opinions of consultant surgeons and anaesthetists caring for children to inform the needs for training, commissioning and management of children's surgery in the UK. DESIGN The National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) hosted an online survey to gather data on current clinical practice(More)
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