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Clinical and experimental investigations demonstrated that metformin, a widely used anti-diabetic drug, exhibits cardioprotective properties against myocardial infarction. Interestingly, metformin was previously shown to increase the expression of PGC-1α a key controller of energy metabolism in skeletal muscle, which is down-regulated in diabetic(More)
AIMS Old age and diabetes are risk factors that often coexist increasing the vulnerability of the heart to the lethal effects of ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). However, to our knowledge, no investigations have examined IRI and cardioprotective signalling in animal models bearing these co-morbidities concomitantly. The ability of the heart to recover(More)
BACKGROUND The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors Sitagliptin and Vildagliptin lower blood glucose by augmenting endogenous levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin which also confers cardioprotection. As such, we hypothesized that treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors are also cardioprotective. METHODS In ex vivo experiments: Male(More)
Creatine is a principle component of the creatine kinase (CK) phosphagen system common to all vertebrates. It is found in excitable cells, such as cardiomyocytes, where it plays an important role in the buffering and transport of chemical energy to ensure that supply meets the dynamic demands of the heart. Multiple components of the CK system, including(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD). Patients with diabetes and IHD experience worse clinical outcomes, suggesting that the diabetic heart may be more susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In contrast, the animal data suggests that the diabetic heart may be either more, equally, or even less susceptible to(More)
AIMS Ischaemic heart disease is most prevalent in the ageing population and often exists with other comorbidities; however the majority of laboratory research uses young, healthy animal models. Several recent workshops and focus meetings have highlighted the importance of using clinically relevant models to help aid translation to realistic patient(More)
The binding affinity of four palm and thumb site representative non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) of HCV polymerase NS5B to wild-type and resistant NS5B polymerase proteins was determined, and the influence of RNA binding on NNI binding affinity was investigated. NNIs with high binding affinity potently inhibited HCV RNA polymerase activity and replicon(More)
PURPOSE Diffusion MRI requires acquisition of multiple diffusion-weighted images, resulting in long scan times. Here, we investigate combining compressed sensing and a fast imaging sequence to dramatically reduce acquisition times in cardiac diffusion MRI. METHODS Fully sampled and prospectively undersampled diffusion tensor imaging data were acquired in(More)
The creatine kinase (CK) phosphagen system is fundamental to cellular energy homeostasis. Cardiomyocytes express three CK isoforms, namely the mitochondrial sarcomeric CKMT2 and the cytoplasmic CKM and CKB. We hypothesized that augmenting CK in vitro would preserve cell viability and function and sought to determine efficacy of the various isoforms. The(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is widely used to assess tissue microstructure non-invasively. Cardiac DTI enables inference of cell and sheetlet orientations, which are altered under pathological conditions. However, DTI is affected by many factors, therefore robust validation is critical. Existing histological validation is intrinsically flawed,(More)