Hannah F. Wingate

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The deregulated expression of cyclin E as measured by the overexpression of its low molecular weight (LMW) isoforms is a powerful predictor of poor outcome in patients with breast cancer. The mechanism by which these LMW forms give tumor cells a growth advantage is not known and is the subject of this article. In this article, we provide the pathobiological(More)
Cyclin E in complex with CDK2 is a positive regulator of the G1 to S phase transition of the cell cycle and is responsible for cells passing the restriction point, committing the cell to another round of cell division. Cyclin E is overexpressed and proteolytically cleaved into low molecular weight (LMW) isoforms in breast cancer cell lines and tumor tissues(More)
Low molecular weight cyclin E (LMW-E) plays an important oncogenic role in breast cancer. LMW-E, which is not found in normal tissue, can promote the formation of aggressive tumors and can lead to increased genomic instability and tumorigenesis. Additionally, breast cancer patients whose tumors express LMW-E have a very poor prognosis. Therefore, we(More)
Low molecular weight (LMW) isoforms of cyclin E are post-translationally generated in breast cancer cells and are associated with aggressive disease and poor prognosis. In this study, the specificity of LMW cyclin E to cancer cells was determined by measuring cyclin E expression in tumor and non-tumor tissue from 340 breast cancer patients. Our results(More)
Elastase-mediated cleavage of cyclin E generates low molecular weight cyclin E (LMW-E) isoforms exhibiting enhanced CDK2-associated kinase activity and resistance to inhibition by CDK inhibitors p21 and p27. Approximately 27% of breast cancers express high LMW-E protein levels, which significantly correlates with poor survival. The objective of this study(More)
The transcription factor E2F1 is known for its interaction with pRb, controlling cell proliferation; however, E2F1 also has a pivotal role in regulating apoptosis.  The relationship between pRb and E2F1 balances cell proliferation and apoptosis giving pRb tumor suppressive properties. The intricacies of the pRb/E2F1 relationship and thus the regulation of(More)
The low molecular weight (LMW) isoforms of cyclin E are unique to cancer cells. In breast cancer, such alteration of cyclin E is a very strong predictor of poor patient outcome. Here we show that alteration in binding properties of these LMW isoforms to CDK2 and the CDK inhibitors (CKIs), p21 and p27, results in their functional hyperactivity. The LMW forms(More)
Elafin is an elastase-specific inhibitor with increased transcription in normal mammary epithelial cells compared to mammary carcinoma cells. In this report, we test the hypothesis that inhibition of elastase, through induction of elafin, leads to inhibition of human breast cancer cell viability and, therefore, predicts survival in breast cancer patients.(More)
PURPOSE Low-molecular-weight cyclin E (LMW-E) in breast cancer cells induces genomic instability and resistance to inhibition by p21, p27, and fulvestrant therapy. Here, we sought to determine if LMW-E renders breast cancer cells unresponsive to aromatase inhibitors (AI), elucidate the mechanism of such resistance, and ascertain if inhibitors of(More)
Chemotherapeutic agents have been the mainstay of cancer therapy for years. However, their effectiveness has been limited by toxicities they impart on normal cells. Staurosporine (ST) has been shown to arrest normal, but not breast cancer, cells in G1. Therefore, ST may become a chemoprotective agent, arresting normal cells while allowing tumor cells to(More)