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BACKGROUND Congenital adrenal hyperplasia with apparent combined P450C17 and P450C21 deficiency is associated with accumulation of steroid metabolites, indicating impaired activity of 17alpha-hydroxylase and 21-hydroxylase. However, no mutations have been reported in the CYP17 and CYP21 genes, which encode these P450 enzymes. Affected girls are born with(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to P450 oxidoreductase (POR) deficiency (ORD) present with disordered sex development and glucocorticoid deficiency. This is due to disruption of electron transfer from mutant POR to microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes that play a key role in glucocorticoid and sex steroid synthesis. POR also(More)
P450 oxidoreductase (POR) has a pivotal role in facilitating electron transfer from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate to microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, including the steroidogenic enzymes CYP17A1 and CYP21A2. Mutations in POR have been shown recently to cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia with apparent combined CYP17A1 and CYP21A2(More)
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) comprises a group of autosomal recessive disorders, which are usually due to inactivating mutations in single enzymes involved in adrenal steroid biosynthesis. The characteristics of the biochemical and clinical phenotype depend on the specific enzymatic defect. In 21-hydroxylase and 11beta-hydroxylase deficiency only(More)
CONTEXT P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD) is a unique congenital adrenal hyperplasia variant that manifests with glucocorticoid deficiency, disordered sex development (DSD), and skeletal malformations. No comprehensive data on genotype-phenotype correlations in Caucasian patients are available. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to establish(More)
Steroid 17α-hydroxylase deficiency (17OHD) is a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by mutations in the 17α-hydroxylase ( CYP17A1) gene. CYP17A1 is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of adrenal and gonadal steroid hormones facilitating both 17α-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities. We characterized a partial CYP17A1 deletion in a Kurdish(More)
CONTEXT Mutations in the electron donor enzyme P450 oxidoreductase (POR) result in congenital adrenal hyperplasia with apparent combined 17α-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase and 21-hydroxylase deficiencies, also termed P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD). Major clinical features present in PORD are disordered sex development in affected individuals of both sexes,(More)
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