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Primary ciliary dyskinesia most often arises from loss of the dynein motors that power ciliary beating. Here we show that DNAAF3 (also known as PF22), a previously uncharacterized protein, is essential for the preassembly of dyneins into complexes before their transport into cilia. We identified loss-of-function mutations in the human DNAAF3 gene in(More)
BACKGROUND In about 10% of patients worldwide and more than 50% of patients in Israel, cystic fibrosis results from nonsense mutations (premature stop codons) in the messenger RNA (mRNA) for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). PTC124 is an orally bioavailable small molecule that is designed to induce ribosomes to selectively read(More)
Recent proposals to apply data mining systems to problems in law enforcement, national security, and fraud detection have attracted both media attention and technical critiques of their expected accuracy and impact on privacy. Unfortunately, the majority of technical critiques have been based on simplistic assumptions about data, classifiers, inference(More)
Cannabinoids, whether plant-derived, synthetic or endogenous, have been shown to stimulate appetite in the adult organism. We have reported previously that cannabinoid receptors play a critical role during the early suckling period: The selective cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist(More)
Different mutations in the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene appear to contribute to heterogeneity of the CF phenotype. We investigated 15 patients with CF who have the 3849 + 10 kb C-->T mutation. All were Ashkenazi Jews. Their clinical features were compared with those of CF patients with the delta F508/delta F508, W1282X/W1282X, W1282X/delta F508 mutations,(More)
We outline some criteria by which to compare un-supervised relational learning algorithms, and illustrate these criteria with reference to three examples: SUBDUE, relational association rules (WARMR), and Probabilistic Relational Models. For each algorithm we ask, What form of input data does it require? What form of output does it produce? Can the output(More)
Stable isotope ratios of H, C, and O are powerful indicators of a wide variety of planetary geophysical processes, and for Mars they reveal the record of loss of its atmosphere and subsequent interactions with its surface such as carbonate formation. We report in situ measurements of the isotopic ratios of D/H and (18)O/(16)O in water and (13)C/(12)C,(More)