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In adipocytes, adenylate cyclase is positively regulated by beta-adrenergic agents and negatively regulated by adenosine. Incubation of adipocytes with adenosine deaminase relieves the inhibition of adenylate cyclase by destroying the adenosine that the cells release into the medium. When adipocytes are incubated with adenosine deaminase and the(More)
The intact rat adipocyte was used to investigate the possibility of common intermediates in the insulin stimulation of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase and the beta-adrenergic/adenosine regulation of adenylate cyclase. A five minute incubation of the isolated adipocytes with insulin produced a 50-100% increase in the phosphodiesterase activity found in the(More)
The synthesis of ribosomes is an essential cellular process which requires the transcription of the rRNA genes by RNA polymerase I (Pol I). The regulation of rRNA synthesis is known to be coupled to growth regulation. In nongrowing, slowly growing, and rapidly growing Drosophila cells, exposure to the tumor-promoting phorbol ester(More)
Rabbits were crowded 4 to a cage for 2 weeks, then released for 1 week, crowded again for 2 weeks, and so on. Of 44 rabbits subjected to intermittent crowding, only 9 survived for longer than 10 months, 20 died during the 1st month, and 15 died between the 2nd and 9th month of the experiment. Histological sections of the myocardium showed myocytolysis,(More)
Chromatographic analysis of a soluble extract of rat adipose tissue on DEAE-Sephacel resolves four distinct peaks of 3':5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase (EC activity. Kinetic investigation indicates that two of these fractions have a high affinity for cyclic AMP and show negative cooperative kinetic behavior at high substrate concentration. They(More)