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The chemokine receptor CXCR3 is predominantly expressed on activated T and natural killer (NK) cells. CXCR3 and its ligands, CXCL11, CXCL10, and CXCL9, play a major role in T-helper 1 (Th1)-dependent inflammatory responses. CXCL11 is the most dominant physiological inducer of adhesion, migration, and internalization of CXCR3. To study the role of CXCR3(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 is overexpressed in the majority of tumors and is critically involved in the development and metastasis of these tumors. CXCR4 is expressed in malignant tumor cells whereas its ligand SDF-1 (CXCL12) is expressed mainly by cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF). Similarly to CXCR4, the chemokine CCL20 is(More)
C lassical NK cells are non-T cell lymphocytes lacking the expression of TCRs. These cells express a variety of cell surface markers, including CD56 in humans and NK1.1 and DX5 in mice (1). NK cells are dependent on the bone marrow (BM) 4 for development and are present as mature populations in blood, spleen, and liver (1, 2). NK cells express unique(More)
OBJECTIVES Autocrine and paracrine chemokine/chemokine receptor-based interactions promote non-small-cell-lung-cancer (NSCLC) carcinogenesis. CCL20/CCR6 interactions are involved in prostatic and colonic malignancy pathogenesis. The expression and function of CCL20/CCR6 and its related Th-17 type immune response in NSCLC is not yet defined. We sought to(More)
PURPOSE CXCR4 plays an important role in the retention of stem cells within the bone marrow. BKT140 (4F-benzoyl-TN14003) is a 14-residue bio stable synthetic peptide, which binds CXCR4 with a greater affinity compared with plerixafor (4 vs. 84 nmol/L). Studies in mice demonstrated the efficient and superior mobilization and transplantation of stem cells(More)
PURPOSE Chemokine axis CXCR4/CXCL12 is critically involved in the survival and trafficking of normal and malignant B lymphocytes. Here, we investigated the effect of high-affinity CXCR4 antagonist BKT140 on lymphoma cell growth and rituximab-induced cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In vitro efficacy of BKT140 alone or in combination(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) cells specifically attract peripheral-blood monocytes, while interaction of MM with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) significantly increased monocyte recruitment (p<0.01). The CXCL12 chemokine, produced by both the MM and BMSCs, was found to be a critical regulator of monocyte migration. CXCL12 production was up-regulated under(More)
Functional role of CXCR4 in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) progression was evaluated. Elevated CXCR4 significantly increased the in vitro survival and proliferation in response to CXCL12. CXCR4 stimulation resulted in activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk)-1/2, Akt, S6K, STAT3, and STAT5 prosurvival signaling pathways. In accordance,(More)
Purpose: CXCR4 plays an important role in the retention of stem cells within the bone marrow. BKT140 (4F-benzoyl-TN14003) is a 14-residue bio stable synthetic peptide, which binds CXCR4 with a greater affinity compared with plerixafor (4 vs. 84 nmol/L). Studies in mice demonstrated the efficient and superior mobilization and transplantation of stem cells(More)
Purpose: Chemokine axis CXCR4/CXCL12 is critically involved in the survival and trafficking of normal and malignant B lymphocytes. Here, we investigated the effect of high-affinity CXCR4 antagonist BKT140 on lymphoma cell growth and rituximab-induced cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. Experimental Design: In vitro efficacy of BKT140 alone or in combination(More)