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Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates (n = 1,429) from 1,283 patients collected as part of an ongoing population-based tuberculosis epidemiology study in Houston, Texas, were analyzed by spoligotyping and IS6110 profiling. The isolates were also assigned to one of three major genetic groups on the basis of nucleotide polymorphisms located at codons 463 and 95(More)
Lyme borreliosis, an infection caused by the tick-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, is a major health problem for populations in areas of endemicity in the Northern Hemisphere. In the present study we assessed the density of ticks and the prevalence of B. burgdorferi sensu lato among ticks in popular urban recreational areas of Helsinki, Finland.(More)
SETTING Twenty-nine epidemiological unrelated and mostly multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB) strains from Peruvian patients. OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular genetics of MDR-TB strains recovered in a Latin American country. DESIGN Antimicrobial agent susceptibility testing, major genetic group designation, IS6110(More)
We studied genetic relationships among 5069 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains recovered from patients enrolled in 4 population-based studies in the United States and Europe, by analysis of 36 synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). All strains were assigned to 1 of 9 major genetic clusters based on sSNP profile. The same 9 genetic clusters were(More)
Parts of katG and rpoB from 27 Russian Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were sequenced to detect mutations causing resistance to isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RMP), respectively. All 24 INH-resistant isolates had a mutated katG, and 22 of them (91.7%) carried a mutation coding for a Ser315Thr shift. An rpoB mutation was noted for each of the 21(More)
Two commercially available DNA line probe assays, Genotype MTBDR and INNO-LiPA Rif. TB, were evaluated for their abilities to detect resistance to isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF) in 52 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. The test results were compared to those obtained by phenotypic drug susceptibility testing and sequencing. Compared to the results of(More)
Parkinsonism has been described in patients with mutations in POLG1 gene. The W748S mutation is one of the most common mutations in this gene and it has been found to be a frequent cause of autosomal recessive ataxia in adults and the Alpers syndrome in children. We found the W748S mutation in a 65-year-old man with a late-onset syndrome consisting of(More)
Population-based analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in Houston, Tex., over 5 years identified 377 patients infected with an isolate containing one to four copies of IS6110. The isolates were analyzed by spoligotyping and assigned to one of three major genetic groups based on nucleotide polymorphisms in codons katG 463 and gyrA 95.(More)
The commercial PCR test Amplicor was compared with the 32-kDa PCR for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from 76 sputum specimens from Egyptian patients. Both tests performed with rather equal efficacy (resolved sensitivity of 88.9% for both tests; specificity of 98.0% for Amplicor and 93.9% for 32-kDa PCR). PCR was found to be useful in detection of(More)
In this study, a part of the nucleotide sequence of the mycobacterial 32-kDa protein gene was determined by PCR-based sequencing. A total of 24 mycobacterial strains, representing 10 species, were studied. Sequences of all tested members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex were identical to each other and to the previously published sequence of M.(More)