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We studied genetic relationships among 5069 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains recovered from patients enrolled in 4 population-based studies in the United States and Europe, by analysis of 36 synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). All strains were assigned to 1 of 9 major genetic clusters based on sSNP profile. The same 9 genetic clusters were(More)
BACKGROUND Active tuberculosis (TB) is common among HIV-infected persons living in tuberculosis endemic countries, and screening for tuberculosis (TB) is recommended routinely. We sought to determine the role of chest x-ray and sputum culture in the decision to treat for presumptive TB using active case finding in a large cohort of HIV-infected patients. (More)
Various species of nontuberculous mycobacteria are known to cause nosocomial pseudo-outbreaks, but there have been no detailed reports of nosocomial Mycobacterium simiae pseudo-outbreaks. From April 1997 through February 2001, we recovered 65 M. simiae isolates from 62 patients at a community teaching hospital in Houston, Texas. The organism was grown in(More)
BACKGROUND Since non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease is not notifiable in most European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries, the epidemiological situation of the >150 NTM species is largely unknown. We aimed to collect data on the frequency of NTM detection and NTM species types in EU/EEA countries. METHODS Officially nominated(More)
In industrialized countries the majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases are linked to immigration. In Finland, most cases are still Finnish born but the number of foreign born cases is steadily increasing. In this 4-year population based study, the TB situation in Finland was characterized by a genotypic analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. A total(More)
Molecular typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis can be used to elucidate the epidemiology of tuberculosis, including the rates of clustering, the frequency of polyclonal disease, and the distribution of genotypic families. We performed IS6110 typing and spoligotyping on M. tuberculosis strains isolated from HIV-infected subjects at baseline or during(More)
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is a new powerful technology for characterisation of bacterial genomes and has been used successfully to investigate Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates associated with tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks and to elucidate mutations conferring drug resistance [1–6]. Enhanced contact investigation and improved diagnosis and treatment of(More)
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