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Contact sensitivity (CS) is a form of delayed-type hypersensitivity to haptens applied epicutaneously and is thought to be mediated, like classical delayed-type hypersensitivity responses, by CD4+ T helper-1 cells. The aim of this study was to identify the effector T cells involved in CS. We studied CS to the strongly sensitizing hapten dinitrofluorobenzene(More)
Oral tolerance is defined by immune unresponsiveness after oral administration of soluble antigens and by antigen-specific inhibition of peripheral immune responses induced by prior antigen feeding. The aim of this study was to investigate the implication of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II presentation pathway to CD4+ T cells in oral(More)
Murine models for the assessment of the contact sensitizing properties of chemicals rely on mouse ear swelling tests (Mest), which are not sensitive enough to detect weak sensitizers. The aim of the present study was to develop in mice an adjuvant-free Mest appropriate for in vivo detection of any type of sensitizer (weak to strong), and useful for in vitro(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the important role of CD4+ T cells in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. One of the current hypotheses is that triggering of the psoriatic inflammatory process could be secondary to CD4+ T cell activation by bacterial superantigens in the skin. In this study, IL-2-derived T cell lines were recovered from the blood and the(More)
A pilot study was carried out in two Togolese localities (Gobe, Moretan) situated in an endemic goiter area. The aim of this work was to collect laboratory and nutritional data to assess and follow up campaigns against iodide deficiency. Ninety-seven urine samples were analysed. We studied the urinary excretion and the iodine concentration of important diet(More)
Allergic contact dermatitis is a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction, secondary to hapten-specific T lymphocyte activation in sensitized individuals. The present study reports on the establishment of T cell lines from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of nickel-allergic patients, initially cultured with nickel, IL-2, or PHA and IL-2. It was(More)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders with early onset in childhood. Most of the risk for ASD can be explained by genetic variants that act in interaction with biological environmental risk factors. However, the architecture of the genetic components is still unclear. Genetic studies and subsequent systems biological approaches(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease of unknown etiology. Activation of T cells is thought to play a major role in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. In order to gain insight into the nature of the antigen (superantigen or nominal protein antigen) involved in psoriatic lesions, we have used a RT-PCR method to analyze the frequency of the 24(More)