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OBJECTIVE We prospectively assessed the impact of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on respiratory mechanics in critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients. STUDY DESIGN Mechanically ventilated patients underwent BAL of one lung segment using 5 x 20 ml of sterile, physiologic saline with a temperature of 25-28 degrees C. The fractional inspired oxygen was(More)
Patients with primary adrenal insufficiency usually show pronounced impairment of aldosterone secretion and, therefore, require also mineralocorticoid replacement for full recovery. Clinical signs of mineralocorticoid deficiency comprise hypotension, weakness, salt craving and electrolyte disturbances (hyperkalemia, hyponatremia). Mineralocorticoid(More)
In recent years, an increasing number of studies have revealed deleterious effects of aldosterone via the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). Especially in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) a significant higher estimated risk of developing cardiovascular comorbidities and comortalities compared to essential hypertensives was reported. As diabetes(More)
UNLABELLED We report of a male patient aged 32 years who presented with primary hyperparathyroidism. Three parathyroid glands were resected. At the age of 46 years, nervus facialis irritation was noted, and an MRI scan incidentally revealed a non-functioning pituitary adenoma with affection of the chiasma opticum. The patient underwent transsphenoidal(More)
Autoimmune adrenalitis (AA) and congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) are the most common reasons for acquired and monogenetic primary adrenal insufficiency. Both concern women in their fertile years. The aim of the work was to examine fertility rates, pregnancy outcome, and children's characteristics in AA and CAH patients in 2 German endocrine centers. One(More)
CONTEXT Copeptin and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) are biomarkers associated with increased mortality in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease as well as in the general population. No data exist regarding these markers in patients with primary aldosteronism. OBJECTIVE To evaluate copeptin and hsCRP levels as cardiovascular(More)
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