Hanna-Mari Tervo

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Mammals encode proteins that inhibit viral replication at the cellular level. In turn, certain viruses have evolved genes that can functionally counteract these intrinsic restrictions. Human CD317 (BST-2/HM1.24/tetherin) is a restriction factor that blocks release of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from the cell surface and can be overcome by(More)
During murine cytomegalovirus (mCMV) latency in the lungs, most of the viral genomes are transcriptionally silent at the major immediate-early locus, but rare and stochastic episodes of desilencing lead to the expression of IE1 transcripts. This low-frequency but perpetual expression is accompanied by an activation of lung-resident effector-memory CD8 T(More)
The cellular transmembrane protein CD317/BST-2/HM1.24/Tetherin restricts HIV-1 infection by physically tethering mature virions to the surface of infected cells. HIV-1 counteracts this restriction by expressing the accessory protein Vpu, yet the mechanism of this antagonism is incompletely understood. β-TrCP is the substrate recognition domain of an E3(More)
Protease inhibitors (PI) act by blocking human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) polyprotein processing, but there is no direct quantitative correlation between the degree of impairment of Gag processing and virion infectivity at low PI concentrations. To analyze the consequences of partial processing, virus particles were produced in the presence of limiting PI(More)
In vivo studies on HIV-1 pathogenesis and testing of antiviral strategies have been hampered by the lack of an immunocompetent small animal model that is highly susceptible to HIV-1 infection. Since native rodents are non-permissive, we developed transgenic rats that selectively express the HIV-1 receptor complex, hCD4 and hCCR5, on relevant target cells.(More)
Latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) is frequently transmitted by organ transplantation, and its reactivation under conditions of immunosuppressive prophylaxis against graft rejection by host-versus-graft disease bears a risk of graft failure due to viral pathogenesis. CMV is the most common cause of infection following liver transplantation. Although hematopoietic(More)
An immunocompetent, permissive, small-animal model would be valuable for the study of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pathogenesis and for the testing of drug and vaccine candidates. However, the development of such a model has been hampered by the inability of primary rodent cells to efficiently support several steps of the HIV-1 replication(More)
Efficient gene delivery is essential for the assessment of transgene function in untransformed hematopoietic cells. Here, we explored the utility of different non-viral and viral gene delivery techniques for primary T cells from New Zealand White rabbits. We find that electroporation and nucleofection result in high-level transgene expression from both(More)
The development of an immunocompetent, genetically modified mouse model to study HIV-1 pathogenesis and to test antiviral strategies has been hampered by the fact that cells from native mice do not or only inefficiently support several steps of the HIV-1 replication cycle. Upon HIV-1 infection, mouse T-cell lines fail to express viral proteins, but the(More)
Open Access Oral presentation HIV-1 antagonism of CD317/tetherin is species-specific and involves Vpu-mediated proteasomal degradation of the intrinsic immunity factor Christine Goffinet1, Ina Allespach1, Stefanie Homann1, Hanna-Mari Tervo1, Anja Habermann1, Daniel Rupp1, Lena Oberbremer1, Christian Kern1, Nadine Tibroni1, Sonja Welsch1,2,3, Jacomine(More)
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