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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-depletion syndromes (MDS; OMIM 251880) are phenotypically heterogeneous, autosomal-recessive disorders characterized by tissue-specific reduction in mtDNA copy number. Affected individuals with the hepatocerebral form of MDS have early progressive liver failure and neurological abnormalities, hypoglycemia and increased lactate in(More)
The mitochondrial deoxyribonucleotide (dNTP) pool is separated from the cytosolic pool because the mitochondria inner membrane is impermeable to charged molecules. The mitochondrial pool is maintained by either import of cytosolic dNTPs through dedicated transporters or by salvaging deoxynucleosides within the mitochondria; apparently, enzymes of the de(More)
BACKGROUND Pompe disease is a progressive metabolic neuromuscular disorder resulting from deficiency of lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Infantile-onset Pompe disease is characterized by cardiomyopathy, respiratory and skeletal muscle weakness, and early death. The safety and efficacy of recombinant human (rh) GAA were evaluated in 18 patients with(More)
Deficiency of acid alpha glucosidase (GAA) causes Pompe disease, which is usually fatal if onset occurs in infancy. Patients synthesize a non-functional form of GAA or are unable to form native enzyme. Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant human GAA (rhGAA) prolongs survival in infantile Pompe patients but may be less effective in cross-reactive(More)
Acute liver failure in infancy accompanied by lactic acidemia was previously shown to result from mtDNA depletion. We report on 13 unrelated infants who presented with acute liver failure and lactic acidemia with normal mtDNA content. Four died during the acute episodes, and the survivors never had a recurrence. The longest follow-up period was 14 years.(More)
All molybdoenzymes other than nitrogenase require molybdopterin as a metal-binding cofactor. Several genes necessary for the synthesis of the molybdenum cofactor (MoCo) have been characterized in bacteria and plants. The proteins encoded by the Escherichia coli genes moaA and moaC catalyse the first steps in MoCo synthesis. The human homologues of these(More)
PURPOSE A clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of alglucosidase alfa in infants and children with advanced Pompe disease. METHODS Open-label, multicenter study of IV alglucosidase alfa treatment in 21 infants 3-43 months old (median 13 months) with minimal acid alpha-glucosidase activity and abnormal left ventricular mass index(More)
In a previous 52-wk trial, treatment with alglucosidase alpha markedly improved cardiomyopathy, ventilatory function, and overall survival among 18 children <7 mo old with infantile-onset Pompe disease. Sixteen of the 18 patients enrolled in an extension study, where they continued to receive alglucosidase alpha at either 20 mg/kg biweekly (n = 8) or 40(More)
The amnionless gene, Amn, on mouse chromosome 12 encodes a type I transmembrane protein that is expressed in the extraembryonic visceral layer during gastrulation. Mice homozygous with respect to the amn mutation generated by a transgene insertion have no amnion. The embryos are severely compromised, surviving to the tenth day of gestation but seem to lack(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the natural progression of infantile-onset Pompe disease. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective chart reviews of 168 patients with documented acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency and symptom onset by 12 months of age; Kaplan-Meier analysis of total and ventilator-free survival time; Cox proportional hazards regression modeling of mortality(More)