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Stem cell persistence into adulthood requires self-renewal from early developmental stages. In the developing mouse brain, only apical progenitors located at the ventricle are self-renewing, whereas basal progenitors gradually deplete. However, nothing is known about the mechanisms regulating the fundamental difference between these progenitors. Here we(More)
Despite decades of research, the identity of the cells generating the first haematopoietic cells in mammalian embryos is unknown. Indeed, whether blood cells arise from mesodermal cells, mesenchymal progenitors, bipotent endothelial-haematopoietic precursors or haemogenic endothelial cells remains controversial. Proximity of endothelial and blood cells at(More)
The vertebrate body contains an extensive blood vessel network that forms, with a few exceptions, by endothelial sprouting from the existing vasculature. This process, termed angiogenesis, involves complex and highly dynamic interactions between endothelial cells and their environment. Pro-angiogenic signals, such as VEGF, promote endothelial motility,(More)
Glucocorticoids are well-established anti-inflammatory drugs thought to mainly act by inhibition of proinflammatory transcription factors like NF-kappaB. In recent years, however, transcription factor-independent mechanisms of glucocorticoid action have been proposed, namely the influence on MAPK pathways. Here we identify MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) as a(More)
OBJECTIVE Generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from human cord blood (CB)-derived unrestricted somatic stem cells and evaluation of their molecular signature and differentiation potential in comparison to human embryonic stem cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Unrestricted somatic stem cells isolated from human CB were reprogrammed to iPS cells(More)
Signals of Notch transmembrane receptors function to regulate a wide variety of developmental cell fates. Here we investigate the role of Notch signaling in the development of mesodermal cell types by expressing a tamoxifen-inducible, activated form of Notch1 in embryonic stem cells (ESC). For differentiation of ESC into first mesodermal progenitor cells(More)
Mural cells of the vessel wall, namely pericytes and vascular smooth muscle cells, are essential for vascular integrity. The developmental sources of these cells and molecular mechanisms controlling their progenitors in the heart are only partially understood. Here we show that endocardial endothelial cells are progenitors of pericytes and vascular smooth(More)