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BACKGROUND The association of subjective memory impairment (SMI) with cognitive performance in healthy elderly subjects is poor because of confounds such as depression. However, SMI is also a predictor for future dementia. Thus, there is a need to identify subtypes of SMI that are particularly related to inferior memory performance and may represent at-risk(More)
OBJECTIVES Pharmacological treatment of Alzheimer's disease focuses on correcting the cholinergic deficiency in the central nervous system with cholinesterase inhibitors. Three cholinesterase inhibitors are currently recommended: donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine. This review assessed the scientific evidence for the recommendation of these agents. (More)
BACKGROUND Elderly people are often burdened by several diseases. This accounts for a higher medication intake and increases the risk of adverse drug events. To minimize this risk, several lists (Beers, PRISCUS) have been published of drugs that elderly patients should not take. We present a longitudinal analysis of the use of potentially inappropriate(More)
An increasing number of longitudinal cohort studies have identified a risk increase for dementia by the chronic use of drugs with anticholinergic properties. The respective data from the German Study on Aging, Cognition and Dementia in Primary Care Patients (AgeCoDe) also showing risk increase (hazard ratio = 2.081) are reported here. The mechanisms by(More)
SORL1 gene variants were described as risk factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD) additionally SORL1 gene variants were associated with altered Abeta(42) CSF levels in AD patients. In the present study we investigated the association of SORL1 gene variants (rs2070045 (SNP19), SORL1-18ex26 (SNP21), rs3824968 (SNP23), rs1010159 (SNP25)) with AD risk by using Cox(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia in late mild cognitive impairment (LMCI), early MCI (EMCI), and subjective memory impairment (SMI) with normal test performance. METHODS The baseline sample (n = 2892) of the prospective cohort study in nondemented individuals (German Study on Aging, Cognition and Dementia in(More)
We examined the patterns of prescription for antidementia drugs by German physicians with special reference to source of prescription, appropriateness of drugs and dosages and continuity of prescription patterns. The study is based on claims data of all 1848 incident cases in persons aged 65 years and older from a nationwide operating statutory health(More)
BACKGROUND Current approaches for AD prediction are based on biomarkers, which are however of restricted availability in primary care. AD prediction tools for primary care are therefore needed. We present a prediction score based on information that can be obtained in the primary care setting. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We performed a longitudinal(More)
Recent advances in the development of high-throughput genotyping platforms allow for the unbiased identification of genes and genomic sequences related to heritable traits. In this study, we analyzed human short-term memory, which refers to the ability to remember information over a brief period of time and which has been found disturbed in many(More)
OBJECTIVE On the basis of data from one German Sickness Fund we analyzed which medical discipline coded the incident diagnosis of dementia in ambulatory medical care in Germany, which type of dementia was coded and how the initial code eventually changed during the year of incidence. METHODS Claims data of 1,848 insured people aged ≥ 65 years in 2004 with(More)