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Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause for visual impairment and blindness in the elder population. Laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy and excision of neovascular membranes have met with limited success. Submacular transplantation of autologous iris pigment epithelial (IPE) cells has been proposed to replace the damaged(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of adult vision loss and blindness. Much of the retinal damage that characterizes the disease results from retinal vascular leakage and nonperfusion. Diabetic retinal vascular leakage, capillary nonperfusion, and endothelial cell damage are temporary and spatially associated with retinal leukocyte stasis in early(More)
Adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV-2) targeting vectors have been generated by insertion of ligand peptides into the viral capsid at amino acid position 587. This procedure ablates binding of heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG), AAV-2's primary receptor, in some but not all mutants. Using an AAV-2 display library, we investigated molecular mechanisms(More)
Gene transfer vectors derived from the adeno-associated virus (AAV) have recently received increasing attention due to substantial therapeutic benefit in several clinical trials. Nevertheless, their great potential for in vivo gene therapy can only be partially exploited owing to their broad tropism. Current cell surface targeting strategies expanded vector(More)
UNLABELLED Adeno-associated viral vectors (rAAV) are frequently used in gene therapy trials. Although rAAV vectors are of low immunogenicity, humoral as well as T cell responses may be induced. While the former limits vector reapplication, the expansion of cytotoxic T cells correlates with liver inflammation and loss of transduced hepatocytes. Because(More)
PURPOSE Choroidal neovascularization plays an important role in pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration. Induction of neovascularization by laser photocoagulation in the rat fundus is an established animal model in which the effects of new therapeutic approaches are assessed. The purpose of this study was to compare different detection methods of(More)
Targeted delivery of biological agents to atherosclerotic plaques may provide a novel treatment and/or useful tool for imaging of atherosclerosis in vivo. However, there are no known viral vectors that possess the desired tropism. Two plaque-targeting peptides, CAPGPSKSC (CAP) and CNHRYMQMC (CNH) were inserted into the capsid of adeno-associated virus 2(More)
Genetic modification of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsids has previously been exploited to redirect viral tropism. Here we demonstrate that engineering of AAV capsids as scaffolds for antigen display augments antigen-specific immunogenicity. Combining antigen display with vector-mediated overexpression resulted in a single-shot prime-boost vaccine. This(More)
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