Hanna Bielarczyk

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Isolated synaptosomes maintained a relatively stable level of acetyl-CoA during their incubation in the presence of 30 mM-KCl. Addition of Ca2+ resulted in inhibition of pyruvate oxidation and slight activation of acetylcholine synthesis. The cation decreased acetyl-CoA in intrasynaptosomal mitochondria, but did not alter its content in synaptoplasm.(More)
A preferential loss of brain cholinergic neurons in the course of Alzheimer's disease and other encephalopathies is accompanied by a proportional impairment of acetyl-CoA synthesizing capacity in affected brains. Particular susceptibility of cholinergic neurons to neurodegeneration might results from insufficient supply of acetyl-CoA for energy production(More)
Acetyl-CoA provision to the synaptoplasmic compartment of cholinergic nerve terminals plays a regulatory role in the synthesis of acetylcholine. The disturbances in glucose utilization and in decarboxylation of the end product of its metabolism pyruvate, are considered to be significant factors causing cholinergic deficits in several diseases of the central(More)
We investigated the effects of developmental lead exposure from embryonic day 16 (E16) through postnatal day 28 (PN28), on cholinergic and catecholaminergic markers in the septohippocampal pathway in rats through fourth month of age. Lead exposure resulted in a persistent 30-40% reduction of [3H]hemicholinium-3 ([3H]HC-3) binding in the hippocampus through(More)
Cholinergic neurons, unlike other brain cells utilize acetyl-CoA not only for energy production but also for acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis. Therefore,, suppression of acetyl-CoA metabolism by different neurotoxic inputs may be particularly harmful for this group of cells. Differentiation of SN56 cholinergic hybrid cells increased their choline(More)
Inhibition of pyruvate (PDHC) and ketoglutarate (KDHC) dehydrogenase complexes induced by thiamine pyrophosphate deficits is known cause of disturbances of cholinergic transmission in the brain, yielding clinical symptoms of cognitive, vegetative and motor deficits. However, particular alterations in distribution of key acetylcholine precursor, acetyl-CoA,(More)
Acetylcholine and acetyl-CoA metabolism in nerve terminals isolated from rat brain were found to be affected by several neurotoxic and neuroprotective agents, such as aluminium, nitric oxide, beta-hydroxybutyrate, verapamil and thiamine deficiency. The changes evoked by these factors in Ca2+-dependent acetylcholine release were highly significantly(More)
Glucose-derived pyruvate is a principal source of acetyl-CoA in all brain cells, through pyruvate dehydogenase complex (PDHC) reaction. Cholinergic neurons like neurons of other transmitter systems and glial cells, utilize acetyl-CoA for energy production in mitochondria and diverse synthetic pathways in their extramitochondrial compartments. However,(More)
The potential ability of Al to affect cholinergic transmission was studied on synaptosomal fractions of rat brain incubated with pyruvate in depolarizing medium containing 30 mM K+. Addition of 1 mM Ca caused a 266% increase in the acetylcholine (ACh) release despite decreased pyruvate oxidation. Under these conditions, 0.25 mM Al did not affect pyruvate(More)
Increased activity of blood platelets contributes to vascular complications in patients with diabetes. The aim of this work was to investigate whether persisting hyperglycemia in diabetic patients generates excessive accumulation of ATP/ADP, which may underlie platelet hyperactivity. Platelet ATP and ADP levels, thiobarbituric acid-reactive species(More)