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Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a peptide displaying multiple cholinotropic activities. The aim of this work was to explain mechanisms of the positive and negative effects of NGF on phenotypic properties and viability of cholinergic cells. To discriminate these effects we used two p75NTR receptor-positive lines of cholinergic neuroblastoma cells, SN56 and T17(More)
Al complexes are known to accumulate in extra- and intracellular compartments of the brain in the course of different encephalopathies. In this study possible effects of Al accumulation in the cytoplasmic compartment on mitochondrial metabolism were investigated. Al, like Ca, inhibited pyruvate utilization as well as citrate and oxoglutarate accumulation by(More)
Glucose-derived pyruvate is a principal source of acetyl-CoA in all brain cells, through pyruvate dehydogenase complex (PDHC) reaction. Cholinergic neurons like neurons of other transmitter systems and glial cells, utilize acetyl-CoA for energy production in mitochondria and diverse synthetic pathways in their extramitochondrial compartments. However,(More)
Excessive accumulation of zinc in the brain is one of putative factors involved in pathomechanism of cholinergic encephalopathies. The aim of this work was to investigate whether short-term increase of zinc concentration in the extracellular space may affect energy and acetylcholine metabolism in SN56 cholinergic cells of septal origin. Short 30 min(More)
Zinc is a trace element necessary for proper development and function of brain cells. However, excessive accumulation of zinc exerts several cytotoxic effects in the brain. The aim of this work was to see whether cytotoxic effects of zinc are quantitatively correlated with changes in acetyl-CoA metabolism. The zinc levels up to 0.20 mmol/L caused(More)
The decrease of pyruvate and ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex activities is the main cause of energy and acetyl-CoA deficits in thiamine deficiency-evoked cholinergic encephalopathies. However, disturbances in pathways of acetyl-CoA metabolism leading to appearance of cholinergic deficits remain unknown. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate(More)
A preferential loss of brain cholinergic neurons in the course of Alzheimer's disease and other encephalopathies is accompanied by a proportional impairment of acetyl-CoA synthesizing capacity in affected brains. Particular susceptibility of cholinergic neurons to neurodegeneration might results from insufficient supply of acetyl-CoA for energy production(More)
Intramitochondrial decarboxylation of glucose-derived pyruvate by PDHC (pyruvate dehydrogenase complex) is a principal source of acetyl-CoA, for mitochondrial energy production and cytoplasmic synthetic pathways in all types of brain cells. The inhibition of PDHC, ACO (aconitase) and KDHC (ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex) activities by neurodegenerative(More)
The potential ability of Al to affect cholinergic transmission was studied on synaptosomal fractions of rat brain incubated with pyruvate in depolarizing medium containing 30 mM K+. Addition of 1 mM Ca caused a 266% increase in the acetylcholine (ACh) release despite decreased pyruvate oxidation. Under these conditions, 0.25 mM Al did not affect pyruvate(More)
The work presented here verifies the hypothesis that RS-alpha-lipoic acid may exert its cholinoprotective and cholinotrophic activities through the maintenance of appropriate levels of acetyl-CoA in mitochondrial and cytoplasmic compartments of cholinergic neurons. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and amyloid-beta decreased pyruvate dehydrogenase, choline(More)