Hanna Bałakier

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The morphology of human, unfertilized oocytes and abnormal embryos cultured in vitro for 48–72 hr was examined in an attempt to learn more about oocyte maturation and reproductive failure in in vitro fertilization (IVF). About 21% of the unfertilized oocytes were totally degenerated. The majority (56%) of the remaining oocytes was arrested at the metaphase(More)
The mouse inner cell mass is established by cells that are allocated to internal positions after the 8-cell stage. We analyzed the timing of this allocation by microinjecting two cell lineage markers, horseradish peroxidase and rhodamine-conjugated dextran, into mouse blastomeres at the 8- to 32-cell stage. Prospective analysis was performed by coinjection(More)
The cytoplasmic factor responsible for chromosome condensation was introduced into mouse zygotes at different times after fertilization by fusion of the zygotes with metaphase I oocytes. In 72% of heterokaryons obtained after fusion of early zygotes (14-18 hr post-human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) with oocytes, the male and female pronuclei of the zygote(More)
The activity of maturation promoting factor (MPF) which causes chromosome condensation and subsequent oocyte maturation was investigated in mouse oocytes using polyethylene-glycol-mediated cell fusion technique. Fully grown oocytes were bisected at germinal vesicle (GV) stage or shortly after germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) into anucleate and nucleate(More)
With the help of the technique of Sendai virus-mediated cell fusion, hybrid cells were produced between two maturing oocytes, between maturing oocytes or mature secondary oocytes and interphase blastomeres from 2-cell embryos, and between secondary oocytes and follicle cells (FC). In the first case giant oocytes form and in these the two groups of(More)
Interspecific hybrid cells were produced using Sendai-virus-mediated fusion of interphase blastomeres from 2-cell embryos with ovulated oocytes of the mouse and bank vole. Under the influence of the cytoplasm of oocytes (arrested in metaphase II) premature chromosome condensation occurs in the nuclei of blastomeres, thus implying that the cytoplasmic factor(More)
Endogenous peroxidase activity was demonstrated in early mouse embryos by means of the diaminobenzidine staining reaction. This enzyme was observed in visceral endoderm on the seventh to eighth day of gestation in vivo, but was no longer detected on the ninth day of development. In cell layers developing from blastocysts or isolated inner cell masses(More)