Hanke L. Matlung

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AIMS Altered blood flow affects vascular tone, attracts inflammatory cells, and leads to microvascular remodelling. We tested the hypothesis that inflammation facilitates the remodelling response, but that vascular tone determines its direction (inward or outward). METHODS AND RESULTS Mouse mesenteric resistance arteries were ligated to create either(More)
Shear stress is well known to be a key factor in the regulation of small-artery tone and structure. Although nitric oxide is a major endothelium-derived factor involved in short- and long-term regulation of vascular caliber, it is clear that other mechanisms also can be involved. This review discusses the evidence for endothelium-derived reactive oxygen(More)
Hypertension is associated with chronic vascular inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that the sensitivity to develop hypertension and vascular remodeling depends on the immunological background. Blood pressure, vascular remodeling, endothelial function, vascular architecture (number of collateral arteries), and expression of inflammatory cytokines were(More)
While inward remodeling of small arteries in response to low blood flow, hypertension, and chronic vasoconstriction depends on type 2 transglutaminase (TG2), the mechanisms of action have remained unresolved. We studied the regulation of TG2 activity, its (sub) cellular localization, substrates, and its specific mode of action during small artery inward(More)
Transglutaminases play an important role in vascular smooth muscle cell-induced calcification in vitro. In this study, we determined whether these enzymes are also involved in human atherosclerotic calcification using nine carotid artery specimens obtained at endarterectomy. Sections of the carotid artery specimens were registered to micro-computed(More)
UNLABELLED Transglutaminases play an important role in vascular remodeling, calcification, cell adhesion and endothelial barrier function. In this study we investigate the influence of combined inhibition of both tissue-type transglutaminase (TG2) and the plasma transglutaminase FXIIIA on early lesion development. METHODS A cuff was placed around the(More)
AIMS Structural adaptation of the vessel wall in response to sustained alterations in haemodynamic forces is known as vascular remodelling. Detailed knowledge on the mechanism underlying this vascular response is limited, and we aimed to study the function of Nur77 in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in arterial remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS Carotid artery(More)
The passage of leukocytes across the endothelium and into arterial walls is a critical step in the development of atherosclerosis. Previously, we showed in vitro that the RhoG guanine nucleotide exchange factor SGEF (Arhgef26) contributes to the formation of ICAM-1-induced endothelial docking structures that facilitate leukocyte transendothelial migration.(More)
Macrophages form a heterogeneous population of immune cells, which is critical for both the initiation and resolution of inflammation. They can be skewed to a proinflammatory subtype by the Th1 cytokine IFN-γ and further activated with TLR triggers, such as LPS. In this work, we investigated the effects of IFN-γ priming on LPS-induced gene expression in(More)