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A series of compounds were designed and synthesized as antagonists of cIAP1/2, ML-IAP, and XIAP based on the N-terminus, AVPI, of mature Smac. Compound 1 (GDC-0152) has the best profile of these compounds; it binds to the XIAP BIR3 domain, the BIR domain of ML-IAP, and the BIR3 domains of cIAP1 and cIAP2 with K(i) values of 28, 14, 17, and 43 nM,(More)
SAR for a wide variety of heterocyclic replacements for a benzimidazole led to the discovery of functionalized 2-pyridyl amides as novel inhibitors of the hedgehog pathway. The 2-pyridyl amides were optimized for potency, PK, and drug-like properties by modifications to the amide portion of the molecule resulting in 31 (GDC-0449). Amide 31 produced complete(More)
Signaling pathways intersecting with the p21-activated kinases (PAKs) play important roles in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. By recognizing that the limitations of FRAX1036 (1) were chiefly associated with the highly basic amine it contained, we devised a mitigation strategy to address several issues such as hERG activity. The 5-amino-1,3-dioxanyl(More)
PURPOSE Immunodeficient mice transplanted with subcutaneous tumors (xenograft or allograft) are widely used as a model of preclinical activity for the discovery and development of anticancer drug candidates. Despite their widespread use, there is a widely held view that these models provide minimal predictive value for discerning clinically active versus(More)
UNLABELLED Approximately half of EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with small-molecule EGFR kinase inhibitors develop drug resistance associated with the EGF receptor (EGFR) T790M "gatekeeper" substitution, prompting efforts to develop covalent EGFR inhibitors, which can effectively suppress EGFR T790M in preclinical models.(More)
Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) is an inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDACs) used for the treatment of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) and under consideration for other indications. In vivo studies suggest reducing HDAC function can enhance synaptic function and memory, raising the possibility that SAHA treatment could have neurological benefits.(More)
Factors determining the pharmacokinetics of 2-chloro-N-(4-chloro-3-(pyridine-2-yl)phenyl)-4-(methylsulfonyl)benzamide (GDC-0449) were investigated using preclinical studies and physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling. Multiple-dose studies where dogs were given twice-daily oral doses of either 7.5 or 25 mg/kg GDC-0449 showed less than(More)
In the early drug discovery environment, poorly soluble compounds with suboptimal potency are often used in efficacy studies to demonstrate in vivo preclinical proof-of-concept for new drug discovery targets and in preclinical toxicity studies to assess chemical scaffold safety. These compounds present a challenge to formulation scientists who are tasked(More)
PURPOSE Vismodegib (GDC-0449) is a potent and selective inhibitor of the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway that shows antitumor activity in preclinical models driven by mutational or ligand-dependent activation of the Hh pathway. We wished to characterize the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship of vismodegib in both model systems to guide optimal dose(More)
Activating mutations within the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase domain, commonly L858R or deletions within exon 19, increase EGFR-driven cell proliferation and survival and are correlated with impressive responses to the EGFR inhibitors erlotinib and gefitinib in nonsmall cell lung cancer patients. Approximately 60% of acquired resistance to(More)