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This review summarizes current information regarding the changes in structure or function that occur in skeletal muscle secondary to spasticity. Most published studies have reported an increase in fiber size variability in spastic muscle. There is no general agreement regarding any shift in fiber type distribution secondary to spasticity. Mechanical studies(More)
Research is required to advance the understanding of issues related to the effect of physical activity on health and disease prevention among people with disabilities. This report is the result of a consensus process using selected experts in health and exercise. The purpose of the consensus conference was to identify research priorities for physical(More)
Ventilator-related lung pathology in 83 very low birth weight infants was analyzed from autopsy material obtained over a 5-year period. A consistent evolving pattern of change appeared in all infants who died after 10 days or more of ventilation. This included the persistence of simple, evenly distributed terminal air spaces lined by undifferentiated(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe cause-specific perinatal and postneonatal mortality for Indigenous and non-Indigenous infants using a new classification system. DESIGN Total population retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING All registered births in Western Australia of birthweight greater than 399 g from 1980 to 1998, inclusive. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
PURPOSE To investigate cumulative mortality for children aged 1-6 years born in Western Australia from 1980 to 1989. STUDY DESIGN Births and deaths were ascertained from a linked total population database supplemented by information from postmortem records. Deaths were classified according to the underlying cause, and mortality rates, including factor(More)
AIMS To evaluate the ability of five experienced perinatal pathologists to assess placental maturity reliably by histology. METHODS Twenty four haematoxylin and eosin slides, six each from placentas of 27, 31, 35, and 39 weeks' gestation, were circulated to five pathologists on three separate occasions. The slides were labelled with the correct or(More)
The incidence of nephrocalcinosis in very low birthweight (less than 1500 g) premature infants was assessed by ultrasound scan and analysis of urine. Three of 36 infants had nephrocalcinosis. All had been receiving long term frusemide for bronchopulmonary dysplasia with simultaneous fluid restriction. Urinary investigations showed no consistent findings in(More)
A search for cases of amniotic band syndrome was made in two population-based Australian birth defects registries, using defined selection criteria. Over a period of 4 years in Western Australia and 5 years in South Australia, 25 cases of amniotic band syndrome had been identified as such by the two registries, and an additional 15 new cases were identified(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether microorganisms associated with intrauterine infection and preterm labor play a contributing role in midgestation abortion. METHODS A 4 year retrospective review of spontaneous midgestation abortions for which autopsy and microbiological cultures of placental and fetal tissue were performed was conducted for a tertiary(More)
The OEIS complex comprises a combination of defects including omphalocele, exstrophy of the cloaca, imperforate anus, and spinal defects. It may represent the most severe manifestation of a spectrum of birth defects, the exstrophy-epispadias sequence. The OEIS complex affects 1 in 200,000 to 400,000 pregnancies and is of unknown cause. The purpose of the(More)